Top 7 Exciting Computer Science Jobs

From business models to biological simulations, computer science has its applications in most, if not all, fields. There is a huge, ever-growing demand in the market for computer science professionals, and with so many options available to explore, it can get confusing when deciding which option suits your career needs best. This article details everything you need to know about some of the top computer science jobs with high demand in the market.

1. Software Developer

Ever wondered who came up with your favorite photo-editing app? Or, the video game you played after school? Or, the music player on your phone? Or, the software that keeps track of your tasks? All of these tools that have been making your life easier were designed and brought to you by software developers.

Mobile applications
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So, What is the Job of a Software Developer?

Software developers talk through with their clients in order to understand what they need from their software. They, then, are responsible for designing, developing, coding, and shaping the required tasks into software programs. Once the software is ready, they must test it and make sure that it meets their clients’ needs. Maintaining the software, coming up with updates, fixing bugs, and training its users is also the role of a software developer.

Skills Required to Be a Software Developer

Software developers typically require a bachelor’s degree in computer science or equivalent computer science fields. Good command of multiple coding languages is a must and sound mathematical knowledge helps in coming up with efficient algorithms for a program.

Besides technical skills, this job also demands strong communication skills in order to communicate with and understand the demands of the client, and also to communicate within the team of other software engineers.

How Much Do Software Developers Make?

The median salary of software developers is $110,140 per year.

2. Information Security Analyst

Security analysis is one of those computer science jobs that would keep you under a lot of pressure.

The basic job of an information security analyst is to carry out safety measures to keep an organization’s computer systems and networks safe from potential security breaches.

computer science jobs
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What Does the Job of Information Security Analysts Involve?

Information security analysts design the security system of an organization, install firewalls, keep antiviruses updated, and more. They ensure the encryption of the company’s sensitive information and implement, conduct tests and analyze the security measures of an organization. During a security breach, it is their duty to investigate and resolve problems within the existing security system.

Skills Required to Be a Security Analyst

Usually, for entry-level jobs, a computer science degree is required. In-depth knowledge of operating systems, firewalls, antiviruses, IDPS concepts, and computer components — both software and hardware — is a must. Ethical hacking is a very useful skill that helps in conducting effective penetration tests and identifying potential threats and vulnerabilities in computer networks.

A security analyst should be able to anticipate complex problems and also have excellent problem-solving skills to resolve the same. In addition to that, they should also be a team worker and should be able to work under pressure.

How Much Do Security Analysts Make?

The median salary of security analysts is around $103,590 per year.

3. Data Scientist

Of all the computer science jobs, one of the most mathematically-inclined jobs is that of a Data Scientist. So, if you have a knack for mathematics and are fascinated by computer science, this is the job for you.

Data Scientist
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Basic Job Description of a Data Scientist

Data scientists are responsible for data acquiring, data storage, and data processing. The processing is done by creating algorithms and data science models with the help of data science techniques, like Machine learning, AI, statistical modeling, and more.

To put it in simple words, data scientists utilize their mathematical and computational skills to analyze big data to identify trends, and based on it, they come up with solutions to challenges — usually business challenges.

Skills Required to Be a Data Scientist

For entry-level jobs, typically a master’s degree in computer science is needed.

As you must have figured, Data Science is an amalgamation of both mathematical and computational methods. Therefore, employers look for a strong grip of mathematics and statistics for this job.

To implement these mathematical methods, a deep knowledge of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and programming tools, such as Python, SAS, or SQL, and their application in data science, is required.

How Much Do Data Scientists Make?

The median salary of data scientists is $126,830 per year.

4. Web Developer

Web development is one of the most time-wise flexible computer science jobs. One can choose to either freelance or work with a team or under a company.

This job is ideal for someone who has some interest in graphic designing and has a knowledge of coding computer languages.

Computer Science Jobs
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What is the Job of a Web Developer?

Web developers design and develop the basic layout — from graphics to user interface — of a website according to their client’s/company’s needs and code for the same. Upon successful creation of a website, its maintenance, bug fixing, and updating also falls under the responsibility of the web developer. information research scientists

Skills Required to Be a Web Developer

A computer science degree is usually required for entry-level jobs. A standard knowledge of coding languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript is a must and should be familiar with database systems, like Oracle/SQL.

Employers may also look for basic knowledge of search engine optimization and a little bit of graphic designing. Some understanding of mathematics can also help produce more efficient codes and algorithms.

This job also demands strong communication skills to communicate well with clients and collaborate with the organization’s computer systems administrators and other team members.

How Much Do Web Developers Make?

The median salary of web developers is $77,200 per year.

5. Database Developer

A database is a collection of structured data which can be stored and manipulated. An organization’s massive collection of data is organized into a database by a database developer, who develops and manages it.

Database Developer
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What Are the Roles of a Database Developer?

Database developers are responsible for developing, managing, and troubleshooting a company’s database. They also develop database codes for the extraction or modification of data from the database.

Skills Required to Be a Database Developer

A bachelor’s degree in computer science or IT is required. Database developers should be well trained with both relational as well as non-relational database management systems, like SQL, T-SQL, PL / SQL, DB2, NoSQL, and Oracle databases. They should also possess strong analytical skills and should be able to perform cost calculations to come up with efficient, low-cost solutions to a company’s database management problems.

How Much Do Database Developers Make?

The median salary of database developers is $98,860 per year.

6. Computer Systems Analyst

These analysts analyze the hardware, software, and existing systems of an organization and diagnose problems. Based on these analyses, they incorporate new technology which is cost-beneficial and then oversee its successful installation.

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Skills Required to Become a Computer Systems Analyst

Employers usually look for computer science graduates for the job. Besides that, a systems analyst should have sound knowledge of computer hardware and software and should be up to date with the latest technology. Often, experience in business and management is also required.

How Much Do Computer Systems Analysts Make?

The median salary of computer systems analysts is $93,730 per year.

7. Cloud Architect

Out of all the computer science jobs listed, this one is based on one of the newest technologies. To understand this job, let us first understand what cloud is.

Some would say that cloud practically is the internet. Cloud basically refers to the servers accessed by the internet. These servers are located in data centers all around the globe and can be accessed by users from any device. A lot of businesses are switching to this technology as this way they do not have to manage, update, or maintain physical servers on their own, and this way the servers are more easily accessible.

Cloud Architect
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What Are the Responsibilities of Cloud Architects?

Since cloud technologies are relatively new, the job of shifting the company’s current servers to adopt cloud servers, is that of a cloud architect. They must design and assist this change and ensure a smooth adoption by using their cloud computing skills. Once live, they are responsible for maintaining and updating the cloud infrastructure.

Skills Required to Be a Cloud Architect

A major in computer science or a bachelor’s degree in information technology or electronics and communication is usually necessary. A decent understanding of various operating systems, networking, and basic programming knowledge is required for this job. Concepts of TCP/IP, HTTP, IP addresses, and DNS must be known.

Since cloud architecture enables easy access to company data from any location and device, it is also important to have a strong knowledge of security in order to make this infrastructure safe and prevent unauthorized access.

How Much Do Cloud Architects Make?

The median salary of cloud architects is $112,690 per year.

You may also check out this video for more information on computer science jobs:

Top Companies That Hire Computer Science Professionals

Some of the companies which offer the best, highest paying computer science jobs are:

  • Google (I mean, obviously!)
  • Microsoft
  • Apple
  • Cognizant
  • Infosys
  • TCS
  • Facebook

and many, many more.

Computer Science Jobs
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So, these were some of the best computer science jobs for computer science graduates. Let us know in the comments section which computer science jobs are you most interested in?

Related: Your Ultimate Guide to Website Development: 8 Things to Know, 11 Best High Paid Jobs in India

Your Ultimate Guide to Website Development: 8 Things to Know

Website development is the work that it takes to build or create a website. It includes creating a single plain-text web page to developing a complex web application or even social network.

Learning website development takes a lot of effort and understanding, but you can be a good website developer once you get familiar with it.

Website development precisely refers to coding and web markup. It consists of all related development tasks like server-side scripting, client-side scripting, e-commerce development, server and network security, and content management system (CMS) development.

Website Development
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Importance of Website Development

With the world becoming technology-driven, website development has evolved as a significant profession. Be it any business or industry; it always needs a website developer to make a grip over their audience online.

The internet isn’t going anywhere anytime soon, and more than half the world’s population is using the internet to fulfill their various needs.

To fulfill all the needs of people searching online, websites are required, and creating a good website takes a skilled website developer.

Not only this, but a lot of social media platforms are also getting introduced nowadays and such platforms are also designed and created by website developers. These are the main reasons why the website development industry is rapidly growing, and a lot of people are taking to website development as a profession.

What Skills Should a Website Developer Possess?

Website development
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Anyone can choose to be a website developer as you don’t need a fancy degree in computer science to master the skills of website development. It just takes your interest and passion in the field.

You must have enough knowledge of the basics of website development, such as basics of how the internet and websites work, HTML, CSS, and Javascript, knowledge about libraries and frameworks, and other programming languages.

Basics One Should Know About Before Becoming a Website Developer

What is a Website?

Websites are the files stored on servers. It is described as a collection of web pages and related content that share a single domain name. These servers are connected to a vast network called the internet. Those websites are loaded through a network by various browsers (for instance, Google Chrome).

IP Address

IP means Internet Protocol. It alludes to the set of standards that regulates interaction on the internet. You must know the IP address to access a particular site.

An IP address is a unique thread of numbers, and each device and site has its own IP address that distinguishes it from the other websites and devices connected via the internet.

Though one can access a site using its IP address, most internet users do it through domain names or search engines.

Concept of HTTP

HTTP refers to HyperText Transfer Protocol. It connects you and your website request to the remote server that stores all website data. It is a set of rules that defines how messages should be sent over the internet.

Whenever you search for something through a search engine, HTTP provides a framework to ensure that the client (computer) and the server can speak the same language when making requests and respond to each other over the internet.

It is the translator between you and the internet that reads your request and translates it for you in terms of a website.


Website Development
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Coding means writing code for various servers and applications using programming languages. We call them ‘languages’ because they consist of vocabulary and grammatical rules for communicating with computers.

They also comprise special commands, abbreviations and punctuation that can be read only by devices and programs.

Every software is written in at least one coding language, though the languages vary based on platform, operating system, and style. There are a lot of coding languages, and they fall into two categories i.e., front-end and back-end.


The Front end is the client-side. It is that side of a software or website that you get to see and interact with as an internet user. When the website information is transferred to a browser from a server, front-end coding languages allow the website to function without continuously communicating with the internet.

Website developers who work on front-end coding have to work on client-side development.


The Back-end is server-side. It is the side that you don’t get to see when using the internet. It is looked at as the digital infrastructure, and to non-developers, it appears to be a bunch of numbers, letters, and symbols.

Back-end coding languages are more in numbers than front-end languages because browsers at the front-end understand only Java Script, but the server at the back-end understands almost every language.

What do you Understand by CMS?

CMS refers to the Content Management System. It is a web application or series of programs that are used to create and manage web content. It is not necessary, but it makes things easier while building a website as it provides the building blocks, such as plugins and add-ons, and lets you create the structure with your code.

Generally, CMSs are used for blogging and e-commerce, but they are useful for other kinds of sites as well.


Website development
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With the existence of the internet, many users are looking to find flaws in the websites to steal data and expose private information and crash servers.

All this makes cybersecurity important as it is a practice to save and secure data, computers, and networks from various threats.

With the constant increase in methods used by the hackers, the measures taken to secure the sites and computers are also increasing with time.

Process of Website development

The road to create a website is not that easy. It consists of many steps that are different from each other and each development path is different based on types of websites, programming languages and resources.

1) Formation of a Plan

The first thing before getting started is to form a powerful plan for your website. It’s really important to connect and communicate with your team and personnel to strategize a good plan.

Some of the questions that one should consider before beginning the website development process :
a) Goal of your website
b) Who’s your target audience?
c) Decide the type of website (basic informational, membership or online store, etc.)
d) What kind of content are you aiming to publish and what’s the purpose of this content?
e) How will you structure your website to make it easy for people to navigate?
f) What’s your budget?

Get in contact with all your team members and find answers to those questions. It is only after you have your answers that you should begin the process of website development.

2) Create a Blueprint

All the good websites start with a blueprint. It is called a wireframe or sitemap in the language of the developers. It need not be an official document as it’s just a vision for your site that will help and give directions to both you and your team. You can either draw it on a whiteboard/blackboard or use some tool like Slickplan and Invision etc.

Website development
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The sitemap gives you a clear picture of your idea to let you take a look at your own vision. Here are some important questions to ask yourself while planning your site:

a) What individual pages do you want? What content will be there on those pages?
b) Ways to organize those pages into categories.
c) Hierarchy of the pages on your site.
d) How will you link the pages together?
e) What pages and categories are important for your site and which ones should be removed?

While answering these questions, you should consult with your team members as their inputs can add to the structure of your site.

3) Writing Down your Website Code

Writing the website code is the next step in the process of website development. As a developer, you must use different coding languages for the front-end and Back-end of the website, as well as for different functionalities of the site, such as design etc. These languages work together to build your site.

The most commonly used languages are:


HyperText Markup Language is the base of all websites and is significantly needed when creating a site. It has been used since 1990s. You can even create a website with only HTML but it wouldn’t look that good though.


Cascading Style Sheets enhances and modifies the basic structure built by HTML codes. It was developed in the late 1990s. It helps you add design elements like colors, typography and layouts to websites.

CSS permits you to transform your website into a better version and makes it match the level you envisioned for your site.

Website development
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JavaScript acts like a cherry on top of coding languages. It is used to add functionalities to your website. Developers use it to add animations and interactive features that make the site better and enhance user experience.

JavaScript is continuously evolving. In today’s world, it is the most widely used coding language.

4) Building the Back-end of Your Website

The back-end controls the data that enables the functionalities on the front-end. Like Facebook’s Back-end stores the pictures so that the front-end can allow others to look at them.

The back-end comprises of two components that are that databases and servers. Database is meant to store, organize and process data so that it can be retrievable by server requests. Servers are the hardware and software that make up your computer. They are meant to send, process and receive data requests.

These components are significant to build the foundation of your website. To build a website, Back-end developers must establish these things:

Logic code: It refers to a set of rules that defines how your website will respond to certain requests and how the objects of your website will interact.

Database management: It is about how your website will organize, manage and retrieve its data.

Infrastructure: It is the way your site will be hosted.

5) Building the Front-end of Your Website

The front-end of a website is very important as it is what your visitors, users and customers will get to see and how they’ll use and navigate the website.

Development of front-end includes a combination of JavaScript, CSS and HTML.

It also handles the components such as fonts, positioning, navigation, browser compatibility and responsiveness. With the constant change in technology and consumer preferences, client-side coding tends to get outdated faster than Back-end development.

6) Work with a CMS

This is an optional step. You must be curious why would someone choose to work with a CMS instead of coding by hand. It is because a CMS is easier to use and it even has tools for hosting a site.

At the same time, it’s less flexible and hence gives you less control over the front-end of your website. CMS options include plugins as well, that removes the need to write a Back-end for your site.

7) Decide a Domain Name

Website development
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At this point of time, your website will have an IP address. It needs a domain name as well. Decide a good name for your website that your audience and visitors would use to find your site.

Get your domain name registered as well. You must have heard of sites like GoDaddy. These services help you purchase a domain name for your site and register it with ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers).

Most of the domain registration are good for an year, as after that you are required to renew.

8) Launch Your Website

After you are done setting up a domain name and linked it to your host, you are almost ready to present your work on web. Though there are still a few things that you need to check before officially launching your website.

These include distribution of responsibilities among the team members, testing your site to make sure that there are no glitches, optimizing for SEO and a final complete check before finally launching your site and making it available to the users.

So, are you ready to create your own site after getting well versed with the basics and process of website development? This guide offers you a comprehensive knowledge about all the significant steps for website development. You just need a passion within yourself to learn the methods and you are not far enough to launch your own website. Best wishes.