A chief executive officer (CEO) is the highest-ranking executive or highest-ranking person in a company. The position of the chief executive officer is the top in a corporation and one that many aspiring managers aspire to. More than simply schooling, career preparation, and managerial abilities are required to reach this level.
The CEO leads the organization, sets the tone for conversations, symbolizes the company’s mission and ethos, and is responsible for the company’s plans and objectives, as well as reporting to stakeholders. In many cases, the business’s public face is the CEO.
The CEO is chosen by the board of directors and the company’s shareholders. They are subordinate to the chair and board of directors, who are elected by the shareholders.
Roles & Responsibilities of CEO
A chief executive officer is in charge of an organization’s strategic direction and makes top-level strategic choices and business strategies. While they may seek advice from other c-level officials, directors, or managers inside the firm, they are ultimately responsible for the company’s performance.
President, managing director, or executive director are all titles the same person. In the case of a publicly listed firm, the CEO reports to the board of directors and stakeholders in terms of income, but the overall direction of the company in terms of meeting revenue targets is left to this position.
The CEO is responsible for managing the planning and implementation of long-term strategy with the objective of generating shareholder value, in addition to the aforementioned performance of an organization or firm.
The functions and responsibilities of a CEO differ from one firm to the next and are typically determined by the company’s organizational structure and/or size. In smaller companies, the CEO embarks on a more “practical learning” role, making lower-level management decisions.
He or she generally solely handles high-level business strategy and important company decisions in larger organizations. Other tasks are delegated to managers or departments.
. A CEO’s customary responsibilities, tasks, and job description include:
- Interacting with shareholders, government organizations, and the general public on behalf of the firm.
- Directing the firm’s brief and long strategic planning.
- Beginning to integrate the vision and goal of the firm or organization.
- Assessing the work of the company’s other senior executives, such as directors, chairman of the board, vice presidents, and presidents
- Maintaining a thorough understanding of the competitive current market and market share, expansion potential, and industry advancements, among other things.
- Assuring that the organization maintains a high level of social responsibility, human resources in all of its operations.
- Establishing strategic objectives and ensuring that they are quantifiable and definable.
Salary & Pay of CEO
The average pay of business professionals has consistently outpaced that of chief executives. The average salary of CEOs of Fortune 500 businesses has climbed by more than $0.5 million to $14.5 million in the previous ten years, according to research. In other circumstances, employees’ earnings and the non-supervisory character of positions increased by $800 each year resulting in an annual income of $39,950.
According to the poll, the median income of the CEO of Fortune 500 businesses is around $10.5 million.
The typical CEO’s compensation is determined by his industry, location, experience, and the type of firm he works for.
As part of the executive team that develops a company’s strategy, the CEO is a member of the C-suite. While most lower-level employees require technical knowledge, C-suite executives demand organizational capacity abilities. Furthermore, because their actions have such a large impact on a company’s overall orientation and profitability, C-suite executives frequently demand stronger business experience. The CFO, COO, and CIO are among the other C-suite jobs.
Assembling budgets, tracking spending and income, evaluating financial data, and delivering this all to the CEO are all part of a CFO’s job description. A chief financial officer’s function also includes serving as a bridge between a firm and any banks, finance companies, or financial institutions with whom it conducts business.
The Chief Operating Officer (COO) is another position that is comparable. When a company’s activities and day-to-day activities are too vast for the CEO to handle, the chief operating officer is generally in charge. The CEO responds to and assists the chief operating officer, who also works closely with the CIO and Chief Financial Officer(CFO).
Other C-suite jobs include chief media officer and chief digital officer, however, the specific titles and responsibilities differ for each organization. A chief medical officer, for example, is required by a healthcare organization, while a chief innovation officer is frequently employed by cutting-edge technological companies.
Impact of CEO Change
Markets might react favorably or unfavorably to a change in corporate leadership during CEO transitions. A change in the CEO might cause havoc in the firm, or it can be a harbinger of good things to come. A new CEO disturbs a company, at least briefly, if the CEO quits to lead a new organization or is ordered to leave by the board of directors/stakeholders.
When a new CEO takes over a firm, the stock price may fluctuate for a variety of reasons. However, there is no clear correlation between a stock’s performance and the hiring of a new CEO.
A change in CEO, on the other hand, usually involves more downside risk than upside, especially if it is unplanned. The market’s opinion of the new CEO’s capacity to run the firm, for example, might cause a stock’s price to rise or fall. When trading in a stock that is going through a management change, think about the new CEO’s agenda, if there will be a negative shift in corporate direction, legal entity, and how effectively the company’s C-suite is handling the transition.
Investors are more comfortable with the new CEOs who are knowledgeable with the fundamentals of the firm’s external environment as well as the unique issues that it may face. Investors will often look at a new CEO’s track record of increasing shareholder value. A CEO’s reputation may be reflected in areas such as his or her ability to increase market share, save expenses, or enter new markets.