Nursing Resume Guide: 15 Best Tips

A Nursing Resume plays a very important role in the hiring process if you are looking forward to having a career in the nursing field. In today’s world, the nursing industry is booming as even in pandemics we saw there was so much need for healthcare professionals and the nursing job is one of them.

Many of you may think to pursue your career as a nurse but have no idea how to get started. Don’t worry this blog got you covered in today’s blog we will be talking about some tips to build your nursing resume, what will be the format, and talk about some nursing cover letter tips.

So stick around to know more.

What Is A Nursing Resume?

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Just like every other resume, the work of a nursing resume is to highlight your qualifications, skills & experience. Your resume is the first impression of you that the employer gets so make sure it’s apt as per the job description otherwise it will land up in their spam folder.

Also one should also keep their Cvs ready if you are applying for nursing jobs as some employers may ask you to provide a CV rather than a resume.

Let’s get to know the difference between a CV (Curriculum vitae) and a resume. A cv is a more detailed version of a nursing resume, it talks about your detailed experience, achievements, award, academic history, professional experiences, and so on.

It’s longer than the cv and is not just one page. That’s why it’s important to keep both Cvs & resume with you. Many people use these words synonymously but there is a difference in both of them.

If we talk about a resume it’s nothing but a very “to the point” version of your cv. The resume summarizes your experience, skills & education. There is no need to write too much information in a resume in detail just write what’s important and will be suitable for the job.

Many people just send in one resume wherever they apply which is not really a good thing. You need to customize your resume according to the job description of a company. Use the appropriate keyword mentioned in the description as your application goes through applicant tracking software, so if you don’t have an apt resume according to the job you may not get selected.

The ATS software helps the employer to select the best candidates for the job.

Before we proceed further into the steps of writing a nursing resume let’s just quickly understand the difference between a normal nursing resume and a registered nurse resume.

After the completion of your nursing school if you are looking for a job in the field your resume will be different than that of a professional registered nurse resume. Employers know that you are a fresher, so you need to explain how was your clinical experience, and what did you learn, write about different technologies you used, and so on.

We will be discussing resume formats so even if you are a professional graduate nurse of entry-level or holds an experience of many years it would be helpful to you, also will cover what nursing skills are essential.

Things To Keep In Mind While Writing Strong Nursing Resumes

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  1. No matter what job posting you apply make sure you customize your nursing resume according to it. Keep the job description in front of you and highlight the relevant nursing skills and qualifications required for the job in the resume. So that your employer knows that you are a suitable candidate whose resume matches the requirements of their company.
  2. It’s important to keep your resume short don’t write every detail in a very long way it would simply get ignored by the employer. Market yourself through your nursing resume carefully you don’t have much time to catch their attention. If they find your resume to be cliche they won’t even read it.
  3. Pick the keywords from the job description and mention them in your resume don’t copy-paste, use it wisely.
  4. Research about the facility you want to work for, this will not only help in your resume but also in interviews. As your employer will know that this candidate is not just applying for the sake of just applying anywhere for the job but are aware of the facility as well and is interested.
  5. Check your resume carefully, proofread and edit it as required. There should be no grammatical or spelling errors in the resume. Write your resume as an achiever, don’t write it like a doer.
  6. Mentioning your achievements and success will create a good impact on the reader.
  7. Write your work experience, where did you work previously, and in which facility and unit. Using numbers to quantify your work would be great.
  8. Write about your hard skills, for those of you who don’t know what hard skills mean it is technical skills that are required to complete your day-to-day task like eg management, Microsoft office, Seo, content writing, coding, and so on.
  9. Also mention your volunteer work if any, in the healthcare industry they look for this experience.
  10. Your education and qualifications are an important part of your resume so mention them as well.
  11. While you send your resume to the company make sure to send it through a professional email address. Don’t use your fake accounts or funky names for professional purposes.
  12. Use action verbs in your resume and avoid using words like created, wrote, helped, managed, listen, and so on. Use words like founded, formulated, designed, developed, organized, and so on.
  13. Format your resume document properly it shouldn’t look messy or cause any problems for an employer to read it or for the ATS machine.
  14. Mention technical skills that you have as being in the nursing field you may be required to know some technology, patient care, data, or knowledge about using medical facilities. Whatever skills you have make sure to highlight them in your nursing resume.
  15. If you know more languages you can also add that as a skill. Also, you don’t have to write any views or opinions in the nursing resume as it’s solely for professional purposes just write what’s relevant and matters for getting a job. Rest you don’t need to write an opinion about anything.

Format Of Registered Nurse Resume

Registered nurses are those who have the apt license to work in the healthcare system. They are graduates from the required nursing university and have given the license exam in which they had excelled so now they are considered to be registered. Let’s have a look at the order of writing a resume

1. Header Of Your Resume

Write your name at the top of the resume with a little big font & bold it if necessary. Your professional email address should be mentioned below it so that if the hiring managers think you are a suitable candidate they email you or contact you. Also, write your most-used phone number on the resume.

2. Resume Summary / Introduction

As the name suggests “summary” which means to sum up your whole career in a few sentences. Write about your professional career what you do, skills that you have, experience & so on. You can use numbers to quantify your expertise like for eg: I have over 2 years of healthcare experience in an ABC healthcare setting.

It’s important that your nurse resume objective reflect on your resume. Mentioning soft skills is also important along with your other skills as they play a very important role in healthcare. Soft skills like empathy, patience, compassion, work ethic, and so on. Make sure to write that you are a registered nurse. Keep summary concise in 5-6 sentences.

3. Experience Or Work history

It’s important to mention the relevant experience to be considered for the role. If you have a volunteer work history then you can mention that too. But as said in the above-listed tips always try to quantify your duties.

For eg supervised a team of 20 nurses. Basically in short you have to write what you did and what was the result of your action & what value you added to any facility. Write your resume in reverse chronological order, which means that first write where you work currently and then state the rest.

4. Skills

Don’t write any fake skills just mention what you really know. In the nursing industry, both technical and soft skills matter so you need to mention both. We will be talking about some relevant skills needed as a nurse in the further part of the blog.

5. Qualifications

You need to mention what education you have and are you a licensed nurse or not. You can also level up your career by taking some more training and doing courses or masters in the following field.

6. Licensing And Certifications

If you have any certifications of volunteering or any other nursing-related work certificate you can mention them over here along with your license details.

There are also many free resume builders available on the internet you can make use of them for templates & building a resume easily with no trouble.

If you are someone who is looking for a new job it’s important to know what all skills to add to a resume, also we further will also be talking about the cover letter which you had to submit with your job application and resume.

Basic Skills Required As A Registered Nurse Or A New Grad Nurse

1. Excellent Communication

Communication plays an important role not just in the healthcare industry but almost in every profession. You need to communicate and coordinate not just with doctors or nurses but also with patients. You need to talk to the patients identify their issues or problems if any and communicate with the doctor as well.

2. Leadership Skills

You should have leadership skills to encourage your other nurses as well sometimes you may be required to take some urgent actions then you should be able to show your leadership qualities there to lead your team of nurses.

Sometimes your colleagues may not feel good as nursing is a quite stressful job but you need to understand and motivate them. Talk to them effectively and coordinate with others smoothly.

3. Critical Thinking

If a situation or a problem arises in front of you as a nurse, it’s important that you evaluate it and know how to solve it based on the data and information present also your past experience can play an important part in solving the issue.

Critical thinking is where your expertise, knowledge & the facts in front of you comes to action. If you are someone who holds this skill it will be effective for the advancement of your career and at the same time will also improve patient care.

4. Empathy Or Mental strength

As a nurse, you got to communicate with people who are not in a physically good state which affects their mental health too so you can’t just talk to them negatively. In a nursing career empathy and active listening is a very important skill. You need to understand the condition of the front person and also during stressful situations there will be a need to be calm.

5. Patient Care & Safety Protocol

Accurate knowledge about medicines and medical protocols is necessary as you never know what situation you got to deal with. It’s necessary that you give the right medicines or follow the right protocol when the patient is in danger or ill.

6. Understanding Of Technology And Facilities

We all live in a digital world where importance to technology is given and it’s important to have practical knowledge about it. Also, various equipment and facilities are used for patients understanding how to use and when to use it is also equally important.

7. Physical Strength & Stamina

By this, we mean being a nurse you got to deal with many hectic work schedules every day and it’s important for you to manage them well. Being physically fit is also a requirement as at times you may be required to shift a patient from one place to another.

8. Vital Signs

The most important skill is to know how to measure vital signs. For those of you who ain’t aware of this term, it means you should know how to check body temperature, pulse rate, respiration, and so on. You should have the required knowledge about the measurement of vital signs to know what’s good and what’s bad.

These are some of the basic skills for all level nurses further we will be discussing skills according to your role and position.

Nursing Skills You Can Add According To The Level & Position You Are On

1. Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

Licensed Practical nurses are those nurses who work under registered nurses, they are ones who take care of injured, sick, and ill people.

Important Skills For LPN

  1. Empathy: To understand, listen and talk effectively with patients and their family
  2. Nursing skills: knows how to assess the performance of patients, do basic procedures, and assist the doctors if needed.
  3. Teamwork and communication: when you work in a healthcare setting it’s important that you know how to work in a team and communicate effectively.
  4. Observational skills: Observing prior signs and symptoms of patients can help in saving a life.
  5. Work Ethics & Confidentiality
  6. Technology

2. Nurse Practitioner

A nurse practitioner has the appropriate education along with advanced training so they have expertise in certain areas depending on their interests. They have a master’s degree as well and also a certificate in what they specialize in.

  1. Problem solving and communication
  2. MS office & Technological skills
  3. Research & Time management
  4. Primary care
  5. Observational skills & Stamina
  6. Must be good at Clinical Judgment

2. Registered Nurse RN Resume

As the name suggests “registered” are licensed, nursing professionals. LPN nurses work under them.

  1. Critical thinking
  2. Empathy and compassion
  3. Basic life support
  4. Teamwork & Communication
  5. Technology
  6. Emergency nursing

What Is A Cover Letter?

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A cover letter is submitted along with your job application and nursing resume. It gives you a chance to elaborate more on your experience and how it’s relevant to the company you’re applying for. You also got to write why you would be a suitable candidate for the company and how you are going to add value to the role you applied for.

Cover letters act as a first impression of you so make sure you write them properly and don’t make them too lengthy simple or concise. Because recruiters have no time to go through such a long letter it will probably end up in spam. Highlight your skills and past experiences which are most relevant to the position you are applying for. Also before writing a cover letter research a little about the company so it will not only help you in writing but also in the interview.

Nursing Cover Letter Tips

  1. Write your name and address on your cover letter, so the hiring managers know
  2. Mention the best phone number of yours which is active and provide an email id to contact you. A professional email id is essential.
  3. Mention the date when you will send the cover letter. So the order would go like your name, address, phone number, email address, and date.
  4. Next, mention the name and address of the company if you have it. If not then you can also refer to the job posting or website from where you applied, only when you don’t know the name of the person you are addressing and their address
  5. Hiring managers don’t have time to read lengthy cover letters so make them simple and concise.
  6. After writing all the necessary call to action like email, phone number, your name, and so on. Start with writing a formal greeting it can be a “hello” or “dear”.
  7. Then start writing your cover letter in the opening paragraph write about what position you are applying for and mention the reason why you applied and what interests you to do a job in that specific company.
  8. The second paragraph will be all about what you do, your background in the nursing field, and what relevant experiences you hold in the field which is relevant to the job you are applying for
  9. You can also mention your qualifications, do not copy-paste your whole nursing resume in the cover letter.
  10. Write down the experiences that matter to the position and will help you get the job. Also, you can mention your key achievements in that specific job or volunteering work.
  11. Don’t just write technical skills also mention soft skills. Don’t exaggerate anything in the cover letter or nursing resume.
  12. Write what you really know you don’t have to write any kind of false information to get the job.
  13. Along with your relevant experiences also relate it with how your skills & experience will benefit their company, and how you can add value to their work.
  14. Look at the job description carefully about what the job requirements are so that it can help you in writing an effective cover letter.
  15. Conclude your cover letter with why you would be a perfect candidate and give a call to action below.
  16. You can write things like “looking forward to hearing from you” or something like that.
  17. Show a little enthusiasm that you are really interested in the position and that you would love to hear from them again.
  18. After concluding, end your letter with words like “Regards” or “sincerely”.
  19. After completing the writing part read your cover letter twice and rectify your errors. As grammatical and spelling mistakes don’t look good.
  20. Run your cover letter once through grammar software as well so that you know where to edit it.
  21. Many websites also provide templates of cover letters and nursing resumes you can use that to make them look cleaner and professional.
  22. Always use a professional tone while nursing resume and cover letter writing.

Final Note

With this we come to an end of this blog, I hope you got a better understanding of what to do and what not to do while writing a resume and cover letter. Read the tips and get that job you always wanted! Thanks for reading.

What are the 7 Types Of Stipend You Should Know About?

What is a stipend? This might be a new term for all those who are just entering the world of internships and apprenticeships. You may have heard people talk that their paid internships offer them stipends, to earn along with learning and training in the field.

People prefer doing internships for their career development and to get experience in the field they are going to be working in. This blog is going to be all about what is a stipend and how it really works in the real world? Along with it we will be also looking at different types of stipends and what kind of internships may help you cover expenses.

If you’re someone who is an academic student or are someone who is looking for internships & doesn’t really know what is a stipend, then this blog is going to help you figure it out & will assist you from where you can get opportunities to get paid. So stick around to know more.

What Is A Stipend Anyway?

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A stipend is a fixed sum of money paid to students, researchers, apprentices, or interns, in exchange for their regular duties performed for a certain period of time. They are given to offset expenses like travel, food, accommodation, and so on.

To earn a stipend, you need to do internships which are paid so that every month you earn little money to cover living expenses. But if you opt for an unpaid internship you won’t be receiving any kind of stipend as in exchange they compensate you with a certificate or any other benefits.

A stipend is not the same as a salary or a wage and it doesn’t give you a proper income like salaried employees. It is a less and fixed amount of money neither hourly wages nor regular pay. It may be paid weekly or monthly depending on the company you work for.

People do internships to learn and gain knowledge about the field they will be working in as a career. They are mostly focused on candidates’ training & development. Also, some companies also provide job offers if the student performed really well during the training period.

The benefits and stipend may vary according to the organization or institutions you are working for. Now as we got a clear idea of what is a stipend, let’s proceed further to its types.

Types Of Stipends

1. Volunteer Stipend

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This involves when an individual offers services for any organization, NGO, or institution without taking any kind of pay it’s called volunteering. Usually, such types of jobs are unpaid, because an individual willingly gives their free services without any force or obligation.

But in some cases, you are paid not for your services but other expenses like your travel to some other place, accommodation, meals and so on. It has nothing to do with the services you perform but to assist you with your expenses so that you are able to successfully complete your tasks over there without any problems.

But after you are trained as a volunteer and have gained experience & skills you can work with the organization on a long-term basis if you want to get paid.

2. Health Insurance Stipend

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Just like how an employee sometimes gets health insurance benefits from their employers, it can’t be possible for the interns. So what an employer does is they pay a little more money to the interns so that they get health insurance for themselves, or they can spend it for their living expenses as well, it totally depends on the interns. As they don’t have to prove anything to the employer whether they have taken a healthcare benefit or not.

3. Academic Research Stipend

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The students who carry out research at any academic institution also receive a stipend, which can be to fund the research work or as a grant so that the researchers can do their research without any distractions.

4. Wellness Program Stipend

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These funds are provided to the interns so that they can take care of their health and well-being. It can also be in the form of gym memberships, organizing wellness programs, and so on. This kind of stipend creates a positive impact on interns that the company they work for really cares for them and their well-being.

5. Pay For Tasks

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If an employer gives you work that ain’t mentioned in your intern responsibilities then they can compensate you in the form of a stipend & pay for that specific task. For eg: if you are sent abroad for a conference, then they will pay your travel expenses and for the task, you did as well.

6. Living Expenses

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In this, the company may provide you with a stipend to assist you with travel expenses, food, accommodation, and so on. For eg if an intern has to travel from one place to another then the institution or organization he/she works in will pay for it so that they don’t face any kind of issue during the training period.

7. Assist With Educational Expenses

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Also known as fellowships, it’s basically when an institution or an organization accepts you as a candidate. They provide you with financial support for your education. So your stipend is not in the literal form of money but the institution or organization may pay your tuition fees or anything related to education.

Some employers may require you to do a job in exchange for this type of stipend. Some may just simply want you to complete your education & don’t require any kind of service in return.

It’s important to understand What is a stipend and its types in order to understand what you will be offered when you apply to an internship, apprenticeship, fellowship, and so on.

Some Unanswered Questions About What Is A Stipend

Is A Stipend Taxable Income?

Yes, the stipend is a taxable income in some cases, you have to keep aside a little amount to pay off your taxes at end of every year. As we saw above what is a stipend, it’s clear that it’s not a normal wage or a salary. So if your employer pays you as an intern he/she won’t be withholding taxes from your stipend but will pay you the whole amount.

You need to pay taxes of your own, they won’t be deducted from your stipend. If you work as an employee in the country your employer deducts the social security and Medicare taxes from your payment otherwise for interns there is nothing as such. Also if you are still unclear you can ask your employer about the tax implications of the stipend.

How Much Is A Stipend, Is It More Or Less?

As a salary cannot be paid to an intern, that’s why the employer pays you a stipend to aid basic expenses. The stipend given by the employer to you may vary depending on which organization you work for. As employees are paid more than minimum wage in the case of interns the stipend is a fixed amount that can cover the costs of basic expenses.

When Does An Employer Pay A Stipend?

A stipend can be paid monthly, weekly, or based on specific tasks. If you have applied for an unpaid internship, it won’t offer you any stipend in exchange for your services. So if you need a stipend you need to apply for those internships that offer you something in return like money or some benefits to aid your expenses.

What Is Tax Return Reporting In Case Of Stipends?

If you receive a fellowship or scholarship then it’s not considered taxable income, because this income is for expenses related to education, tuition fees, college equipment if needed by students, books, different supplies, and so on. If other than this it’s used for some other reasons then it can be a taxable income. You don’t really require to report these to the internal revenue service, but if there is a remaining amount then it is taxable.

If you are not really aware of tax returns then you should consult someone who has a good knowledge of taxes. A stipend in a tax return is mentioned in terms like taxable grant scholarship, non-qualified fellowship, or taxable scholarship. To file a tax return you can make use of any software, tax return apps, forms, and so on.

Difference Between Salary & Stipend

Let’s first get to know what is a stipend and then we will see how is it different from a salary.

The stipend is a specific cost paid to interns, trainees, or students to aid living expenses. It is not too much of an amount but it’s enough to pay off your expenses so that you can focus on your training or internship. It’s mostly focused on the career development and learning of the intern. A stipend is not something paid for your given services. Even if you perform really well still you won’t be paid any extra amount for it

Salary is an amount paid to an employee. It’s paid every month also can be weekly or commonly in some cases, also employees are eligible for overtime pay. The remuneration given to an employee is for the services they offer. The amount of salary is decided based on the market i.e how much one is getting paid for working in this field depending on their experiences. A salary is a taxable income so you need to pay. The increment is possible, depending on your performance it can be increased.

How Can You Earn A Stipend?

As the world is opening to more remote opportunities, you can even receive a stipend just by sitting at home and getting trained. Also, you can work on-site as well with companies so that you get the proper environment to work in. Many companies are welcoming students to apply to their company for various internships & apprenticeships.

The best way to gain some experience in the field you love is to start with a paid internship. It can be in any field like you can be a content writer, graphic designer, web developer, researcher, anchoring, marketing, sales, fashion designing, advertising, public relations & so on. Not just big companies give you stipends but also many startups have opened doors for new interns.

It’s a win-win situation for both the company as well as the student/intern. Because if they train a Candidate and they prove to be beneficial to the company then once they graduate they can turn them into their employee. And so it’s even a good thing for interns as well as they will get a job after they graduate.

Which Is Better A Paid Internship Or Unpaid One?

Yes, obviously when it comes to choosing between these two options many will go for paid internships because why not. But both of them have their own advantages & disadvantages. The first advantage of having a paid internship is that your expenses are taken care of and you can concentrate on your training and gaining experience.

A common advantage of both paid and unpaid internship is that it adds to your skills and experiences in your cv and resume. As we all know that in today’s world experienced candidates with the required skills are preferred. Whereas if you are doing an unpaid internship gives you an opportunity to explore what you really want to do.

Paid internships are a little too strict when it comes to schedules and training but in unpaid you are not that restricted. As we understood above what is a stipend and how it really works it’s clear that only paid internships provide you with stipends.

Websites To Find Internships Both Paid / Unpaid

  1. LinkedIn
  2. Indeed
  3. Glassdoor
  6. Global experiences
  7. Google
  8. Chegg

Final Note

With this we come to an end of this blog, I hope you understood the concept of what is a stipend and how it works. If you’re looking for some internships you can check out the above-mentioned websites. Also, Google & LinkedIn are the best way to find out more about the company you want to work for, and also the social media networks as many employers sponsor ads for hiring people not just as interns but also for jobs.

Explore various fields, earn good & build your career. Thanks for reading.

What Does A Producer Do: 8 Best Reasons To Be One

What Does A Producer Do? We see such amazing films and shows on screen which feature our favourite actors and actresses but we sometimes forget to appreciate the ones behind the screen and deliver us the best entertainment possible.

You may have seen the names of different types of producers at the end of the credits of a movie or a show, but have you wondered what are their roles and how they look after the process, what does a producer do right from the pre-production to the release of the movie.

Well, this blog will be all about answering some of the most asked questions about a career as a producer. We will discuss what does a producer do? Why there are different types of producers? What are their roles and responsibilities? Is being a producer a good career option? The advantages and disadvantages of being a producer and many more such questions. So if you are someone who is looking forward to having a career in TV shows and film production then stick around.

You may have heard terms like an executive producer, associate producer, supervising producer, and so on but have you wondered what’s the difference between all of them? What does a producer do and why they have different names? They all have different functions and roles which are necessary for the production of any film or show. So without any further, a due let’s start from the basics.

What Does A Producer Do?

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A producer is someone who is important for the production of a film, Tv show, or web series, without them the process would be incomplete. A producer’s role is to look after different aspects of production like finance, logistics, scripts, administration, and editing, and make sure that the film/web show gets completed on time. The role of a producer is not just for one stage of production but in every stage right from pre-production to post-production.

They can be someone who may work independently or with a production company. They are the ones who look after whether the production schedule is being followed or not, they supervise and make sure that everything is good to go after the project has been completed.

As now we understood what does a producer do next we will see the roles and responsibilities of a producer in different stages of a film or a show production

1. Pre-Production Stage

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What does a producer do In this stage of production? a producer gathers everyone who is required to make a film like the writers, director, creative team, cinematographers, and so on. They are the ones who approve who will be hired for the production process.

They also look after the budget part and arrange finances, approve locations as per requirements of the film, and finalize the scripts and production schedules, if the script has some flaws then they can change or improvise it by hiring a script doctor.

2. Production Stage

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What does a producer do In the production stage? the producer’s job is to make sure that film production is under the budget that was decided and stays on schedule. If there are any queries or doubts any cast member is facing they can always ask the producer, as they not only manage the production but also gives assistance to those who need it.

3. Post-Production Stage

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What does a producer do in post-production stage? They are  involved in the editing part and to complete the overall process of production. Here the producer’s responsibility is to look at whether the final outcome is ready to be released or not.

The producer can ask the team to do necessary changes in a film, reshoot a scene that isn’t properly done, additional scenes to be filmed, or change an ending if required, they can get these things done so that people enjoy an excellent experience while watching.

Advantages Of Being A Film Producer

Now that we are familiar with the answer of what does a producer do let’s look at its benefits.

  1. Creative process: To make a good film it’s important to be open-minded and creative at all times so that you create something which is out of the box and express your creativity in front of the world in the form of a film or a show
  2. Like-minded people: when you work with people who are just like you and share a common interest like a film or music, you eventually connect. In a work environment like the film industry you get to know and learn different things from the people who work with you.
  3. Connect with diverse people: not just like-minded but also you meet people who come from various paths of life and background.
  4. Create your own name: Expressing your ideas, thoughts, and creativity through the means of film and putting it in front of the world to watch, allows you to make a name for yourself.
  5. Various opportunities: this field opens a lot of opportunities for you, as you connect with various people and make films/shows that entertain and inspire.
  6. Good earning: Making films is not an easy job and at the initial stage of being a producer you may get stuck at finding the right team or how to go about the whole production thing, but as you gain experience, learn new things & make a name for yourself you can earn a lot through it.

Disadvantages Of Being A Film Producer


  1. Responsibility: If you take up a film project, it’s your responsibility to complete it under the decided budget and time. You are responsible for the project’s success and failure.
  2. Creativity is not enough: Yes creativity matters in every part of production but also do marketing skills. Because if you don’t know how to market your movie or show to your audience you won’t be able to get the required response from them, even after putting so much time, money, and energy into the project.
  3. Pressure: A producer may face a lot of pressure about how the movie will perform at the box office and will it get the needed response or not, if it fails then what. Also, there is a lot of pressure regarding budget, getting things done rightly, completing things on time, hiring people who are best at what they do, managing and supervising different stages in production, and so on.
  4. Competition: there is so much competition in the industry that sometimes it becomes difficult to survive for the long term in this field.
  5. Less time for yourself and socializing: Making a movie or a web show is a tough job you got to be there on the sets each and every day, and the overall process of production takes months or even a year to complete. So you don’t get much time for yourself or to socialize with your friends or family.
  6. Lack of benefits: Income in this field is not steady and also if you work solely as a producer then you don’t receive any benefits related to retirement, insurance, and so on.

Types Of Film Producers

1. Executive Producer

The executive producers are someone who looks after the management of finances and the budget. Their other duties include supervising producers under them and managing all the business sides of the film.

Producers who work for films are those who are given credit for bringing in investors or funding the movie. Other producers of a web show or tv show are given credit for their creative abilities which can be for having a part in writing, scripting, crewing, and so on.

Now you may wonder what is the difference between an executive producer and normal producers, aren’t their duties similar. So the answer is no their duties differ from each other as an executive producer is someone who comes at the top level in the hierarchy of producers, they work with different types of producers but their work is not the same. That we will be looking at below as we understand the duties of different producers.

Responsibilities Of Executive Producers Are:

  1. As a movie producer, you need to bring funding for the films it can be your own money, a studio’s money, or an investor’s money who is interested in the project.
  2. To recruit the right talent it can be a writer, other producers, cast, directors, and so on.
  3. To make sure the film goes by the brand values and image of the studio or organization
  4. To provide assistance on a creative level and budgetary things.
  5. During the post-production stage, the executive producer doesn’t have much to do, they just watch the final output of the movie and provide feedback to the editors so that in case of mistakes they can make it right.

2. Line Producer

They are hired by an executive producer at an early stage of pre-production. They manage the daily activities during the production period. The line producer job description is huge as they look after various departments in a production of an ad film, feature films, or a tv show.

Other producers report to the line producer for their tasks. A line producer also manages the logistics and other operations. They take care of all activities right from the development stage to when the movie is wrapped and sent for distribution.

 The Responsibilities Of The Line Producer Are As Follows:

  1. They have to take out a budget depending upon the script which is finalized
  2. To create a rough schedule by seeing the script and knowing how much budget it will cost, what will be the location, days, timing, and the characters required.
  3. Also not only do they have to take care of the budget of the film but also other expenses like food for the crew, their salaries, and so on.
  4. After all, this comes the pre-production stage where the line producer sets up a production company and along with the director breaks down the script.
  5. They create proper schedules and allocate the proper budgets to different stages of a film.
  6. Recruits the team which is necessary to make a film like the director, actors, costume designer and others
  7. They make sure everything is on track by being updated by different department heads and by providing them with the required assistance.
  8. They also make sure that everyone is getting paid on time
  9. Further, they think about the post-production phase and the hiring of editors, music composers, and other crew which is required to complete the movie.

3. Assistant Producer/ Associate Producer

An assistant producer’s duty is to supervise every aspect of production to make sure everything is going smoothly. They coordinate with staff and look after the day-to-day creative operation of a film.

They manage the creative and business aspects of the production company. They also conduct research about the locations which would be suitable for the shoot and comes under the movie budget.

Also, they make casting calls with different agencies to hire the apt talent for the project and they also look after the overall auditioning process. They assist the producer in the production process. They make changes in the script if any and work with the post-production team in the selection of shots.

Responsibilities Of An Assistant Producer Or Associate Producer Include:

  1. As an assistant/associate producer you may be involved in the production process right from the start till the end.
  2. To find the best scripts, hire some great talent, look after logistics, and set up a location for the shoot.
  3. If you are an assistant tv producer your role includes pitching stories and editing them if required.
  4. They also help with the promotions of the film or tv shows.
  5. To coordinate with other producers and departments.
  6. Help the editing team in sorting out final shots.
  7. To organize and implement production schedules.

4. Segment Producer

Before we proceed further on what a segment producer let’s just understand what you mean by a segment. A segment mostly occurs in television news programs, game shows, talk shows, and so on.

Where the first show you a segment followed by other and which is not related to each other. For eg Lip Sync Battle with Emma Stone on “The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon show they are not related to one another but they are topic-specific and come in the same program.

The work of the segment producer is related to these segments they find subjects for these segments and also guests who will speak on that particular topic. These segments are sometimes live or pre-recorded. They make scripts for the same and also edit the segments sometimes when needed.

Responsibilities Of A Segment Producer Include:

  1. Interviewing different guests and people for shows and news stories.
  2. To sit with the post-production team to edit the segments, keeping in mind the guidelines of the production company.
  3. They need to pitch people to come to their segment, also they need to record footage for the segment.
  4. They need to make sure that people who appear on the segment are aware of what the segment is about.
  5. Also, it’s their duty to use their creative skills and put out in-depth and informative news in front of the audience.
  6. Also, they write scripts, create graphics for segments, and approach guests for it.

5. Co-producers

What does a producer do? Co-producers works with producers. Co-producers make sure that the crew has all the necessary things before starting the project, so the operations run smoothly. They work along with the producer to produce a movie under budget and also manage the team. They are involved in various activities like taking care of funds, finding locations & recruiting the best team.

As the name suggests a co-producer is someone who jointly produces a film or a tv show with other producers. Sometimes they also invest in a film project or act as a second-line producer, & they devote their time & skills to producing movies. They have a major involvement in taking all the decisions about the production.

Responsibilities Of A Co-producer Include:

  1. To manage the overall operations of film production, supervise the crew & provide them with the necessary equipment if they need any.
  2. To check if there is any kind of problem at the time of production or if anyone is facing any issue, then they have to sort it out.
  3. To take care that the given budget is followed, and the film should produce under the budget.
  4. They oversee the production along with their equal partner (the producer with whom they are working jointly)
  5. To keep a track of the money spent in different areas of production.
  6. Co-producers are either second-line producers or investors so their responsibilities vary in what role they perform.

Who Is A Unit Production Manager And How They Are Different From Line Producers

Now that we got the answer of the question what does a producer do let’s see the difference between unit production manager and line producer

The unit production manager is someone who is hired by the film producer or tv show producers, they make sure everything is going according to the budget, manage daily activities, decide and schedule the shooting, look after the production reports, and so on. Now you may wonder doesn’t this responsibility sounds a little similar to line producers. Let us clear this out for you.

In simple words, line producers deal much with the execution part whereas the unit production manager looks after how things will be implemented. Directors guild of America gave this title of unit production manager to its below-the-line staff. They are physically present on the set and assist the director in making sure everything goes smoothly and the vision of a movie is brought to life. They don’t have much of a responsibility related to the creative process or aspect of the film but they look after the administration.

Now that the idea of what does a producer do let’s look further into how’s it’s like being a producer in a film or television industry.

Is Being A Producer A Good Career Option And Should One Go For It

As now you got a clear idea on what does a producer do , it’s time to know about is being a producer is a great option in today’s world.Just like other career fields being a producer comes with a lot of responsibility and it’s not really an easy job. In today’s world entertainment industry is booming, and people too love to have a career in a field that is creative. Here are 8 reasons why pursuing a career as a producer is a good option

  1. To guide the cast and crew in the production process, everyone in the project works hard and gives their best but producers are important for any kind of production may it be a film or a tv show because they show you the way of what will work and what won’t which is necessary to achieve the desired goals of a project
  2. You get to work with creative people and get to learn more about the process of filmmaking. You may not always have your favorite people around at all times for different projects but you get to meet and connect with new/famous people.
  3. A producer’s job requires a lot of dedication, commitment & responsibility, they work long hours for months or even a year sometimes to create that 2hours movie that the audience watch on screens. It’s a lot of hard work.
  4. Though filmmaking is a very tiring process, it’s a fun process as well as it showcases the creative skills of the whole team.
  5. Shoots can be at any location for a film, this gives you an opportunity to travel around the world and explore different cultures which also helps you in getting some creative ideas about your next project.
  6. The audience watches the movie which the whole cast and crew made, but people behind the scenes actually get the chance to watch how the whole project unfolds.
  7. You get to know well-known people they can be writers, directors, screenwriters, actors, cinematographers & so on.
  8. Also, there are various types of producers so you can go for the one that aligns with your interests.

Final Note

With this we come to an end of this blog of what does a producer do producing a movie or a show is an exciting job to do, you get to bring the ideas that you thought to real life. So if you are someone who has an interest in this field then go for it.

That’s it for today’s Blog I hope this blog answered the what does a producer do? question and you got to know about this field from a career path perspective as well. Thanks for reading!



An Ultimate Guide On Letter Of Introduction: 7 Best Tips To Follow

Wondered about how to write a perfect Letter Of Introduction, as to get a new job or a client? But couldn’t figure out a way, how to begin and what will be the correct and professional way to introduce yourself in it? Don’t worry as we got you covered with the best tips and format of a well-written letter of introduction that will help you achieve your desired goal.

Often when we begin writing an email or professional letter of introduction we get stuck on how to get started, what will be the beginning of the letter, and how to end it? Is this the correct way to go about it? is it written formally or not? Am I introducing myself correctly or not? Does this have all the necessary information about me that a client, employer, or network needs? Our minds bombard us with these many questions and no answers.

To get all your questions answered, stick around as this blog is going to be a one spot for knowing all about the letter of introduction. So without any further a due let’s understand the basics first.

What Is A Letter Of Introduction?

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As the name suggests “letter of introduction” is written to introduce oneself or someone else to others. Here the “others” refers to your prospective employer, a client, a new network, or a professional contact. A letter of introduction can be in a form of a letter, email, or a message on Linkedin or any other professional app.

While writing it one should make sure that you create a good impression on the reader for eg: if your introduction letter is for a job opportunity, then a well-written letter to your hiring manager can help you get a new job.

The difference between a cover letter and a letter of introduction is that a cover letter is written for purpose of job openings or current job postings that you may be applying for you have to submit it along with the job application and resume.

Whereas a letter of introduction is written to introduce yourself and to show interest in a company that you like and want to know its availability, not just for jobs but also for different reasons which we will talk about in detail below. If we talk about the format of both the letters are similar to one another.

This is not just for jobs, but also in general if you want to acquire clients and establish valuable networks or even introduce a new team member to someone else, a letter of introduction can help you achieve it. Its important for an introduction letter to have clarity and a professional tone, one cannot just introduce in an informal way.

Below we will discuss to whom we can write a letter of introduction and why so that you get a clear idea about the purpose of the letter.

Types Of Introduction Letters And Reasons To Write Them

1. To A Potential Employer For A Job

As job seekers you can also write introduction letters, introducing yourself to the company you want to work with. In the letter speak about yourself, which position you want to be interviewed for, write about your skills and accomplishments, past job experiences and how they will benefit the company, and so on.

2. New Team Member Introduced To Others

When a new member joins the company, hiring managers can always introduce them to the other employees so that the other employees know about him/her and make them feel welcomed. Write about their background, skills, accomplishments, and so on in the letter. All these things will help existing employees know about the new employee and their interests so that it can serve as an icebreaker for the conversation when their new colleague joins.

3. Different Clients And Customers

Now, this letter of introduction can be written for introducing your business to your clients, investors, customers, suppliers, and so on. It’s like a business letter, it can be B2B i.e business to business, or B2C i.e business to customers. This letter can be used for introducing your new business, a new product or service, for partnership purposes, to introduce sales or discounts, investment-related things, and so on.

4. A Professional Contact

If you want to add a professional network for any purpose it can be for a specific job, partnership, just for collaboration, job referral from a mutual acquaintance or assistance for jobs, for knowing more about a field someone expertise in, and so on, you must always introduce yourself in a formal way by using an introductory letter.

5. Freelancer’s Introduction To The Company Or Clients

If you are someone who works independently as a freelancer then you may require to have contacts and clients for your business. So through a letter of introduction, you can highlight your skills, accomplishments, experience, who are you, what you do, and so on, so that your clients know about you a bit more.

These were the reasons to whom you can write an introductory letter, remember wherever you introduce yourself or a person to someone else you should always go for an introduction letter and write it in a professional tone, so other than the mentioned reasons there can be other reasons as well to write it.

Format Of Introduction Letter

An accurate format plays an important role in curating a formal letter of introduction, make sure before sending your final output to check all grammatical and spelling errors. Now let’s begin with the format that you can follow while writing a letter of introduction. Here is an introduction sample of what you can include in every step of your letter.

1. Greet The Addressee

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No matter to whom you are writing a letter or even an email the most important thing is to always greet the person you are addressing your letter to and mention their name as well along with the greeting. For greetings, you can use terms like hello and dear to sound professional.

Like for eg:

Hello Bob,

(From here you can start with your opening paragraph)

2. Opening Paragraph

The first thing you need to mention in the opening paragraph is the purpose of why you are writing the letter of introduction to that particular person. The purpose of your introduction letter can be any it can be to ask for an informational interview, job opening, to have a partnership, or to have them as a client, and so on. Also if you are writing for a person you’re introducing to someone else mention their full name as well and if you are introducing yourself you don’t have to write your name as it will already be in the signature line.

After writing the purpose, you should include a small summary of your role and position, so that the reader knows about who you are. Also, include what you do and explain your function properly and how it relates to the reader, keep it short and clear don’t complicate it.

3. Middle Paragraph

Explain why you want to work with them and how it will be useful for both parties. For example, if the letter is for an employer then write about why you would be the best choice for them, and how you will benefit the company or add value to it. While reading it your recipient should get a clear idea about these 5 questions, What do you want? How is it related to them? Why do you want it? Why you and what do you have to offer to the company/client?

4. Ending Paragraph

This paragraph mostly includes the outcome part, which is what you expect the reader to do by reading your introduction letter. An example would be: If you are writing this as a hiring manager to inform other employees about the new employee then you can mention welcoming him/her to the team and assist them whenever required.

Your closing paragraph must also include contact details or any call to action that you want the reader to take. Also if there is any other important information you need to give make sure to add it as well. If you are sending it as an email in the CC section you can add an email id if you’re introducing someone else otherwise there is no need. Make sure you write your contact details properly.

5. Signature Line

In this, you can mention your full name and signature if it’s in a written form or hardcopy otherwise if it’s an email a sign is not really a requirement just end it with terms like sincerely or regards and your name in the below line.

6. Attach Documents If Any

If the email or a letter is about a job then it’s important for you to add your CV or Resume along with it.

Introduction Letter Example

Hello Bob,

I am writing this letter to ( mention the exact purpose of why you are writing this email/letter to the recipient if its some other person you’re introducing write their full name and what they do) ( a short summary talking about your background, role and what makes you the best fit/ a short summary about your new product launch, business, offers and so on/ If its someone else you are introducing mention their background).

(This part will consist of additional information about your business, you, or someone else that you introduce – write about how it’s relevant to the reader, how it will be useful to them, why they should choose you, how both parties can come together, and for what)

(End the letter with a call to action i.e to provide your contact details, so that the reader knows what to do next after reading the letter/ email)



(Attach necessary documents if required eg: a resume if its an introductory letter for a job)

Tips For Writing An Introductory Letter

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1. Keep your introduction letters simple and concise, have clarity in what you are conveying through it do not try to complicate, and stick to the point.

2. One common mistake people make in a job introduction letter is that they write everything that is already mentioned in their resumes or cv, don’t do that. Mention relevant points do not copy your resume.

3. Before hitting the send button for an email make sure you proofread your letter of introduction and make necessary changes.

4. Format it properly to make it look clean and professional.

5. Check whether the written information is accurate or not, if there are any grammatical or spelling errors make sure to correct them before sending.

6. Also along with your letter you can provide your work samples so that they can have a look at your previous work to know if you meet their job requirements or not.

7. Send it to the right person and on the right email, it’s important your email goes into the right hands while applying for a job or notifying clients about your new business, it must reach your target audience

8. Don’t just make the introduction letter about yourself, write information that is useful and relevant for both the parties.

9. Have a professional tone in your introduction letters

Final Note

No matter whether it’s a job search, a letter to a client, recommending someone for a job, or even for a professional network the above-given letter of introduction template format is the same for all so you don’t have to worry about that.

In job, customer, or client introductory letters, after you send it and don’t get a reply in a few days, you can also send a follow-up mail. But write an effective and formal one so that you get a response from them if you haven’t.

Every day a lot of emails are received by people, you need to write them in a smart way so that you get noticed by them so write only useful information so that your letters don’t end up in spam.

With this, we come to an end of this blog I hope now you got an idea of how to get started and what all information is necessary to be written in the introduction letters. Thanks for reading!



What Is A Life Coach? 6 Best Types Of Life Coaches

What Is A Life Coach? What do they do? Why does one need a life coach? How does life coaching help in real life? so many questions, but don’t know their answers as this blog is here to clear all of your doubts about life coaching. How good it would be if you have a person who you could talk to about all the things you are facing may it be in your personal or professional life & they would guide you to a path of progress and improvement.

You may think is it really possible, that life coaching can help you live life at its full potential and figure out what you really want to do or how you can deal with challenges that come in your way. Then yes, many people seek guidance from life coaches to bring improvement in their lives and bring clarity about various things in life.

What is a life coach and why you should prefer it? Well, the life coaching industry in today’s world is a growing field, people also opt for it after their studies and train for it to become professional life coaches. So there is a lot of scope in the field, also there are many types of life coaches who are experts in different niches. For eg: If you have any career-related things to discuss and need guidance, so you can go to a coach who gives career coaching.

What is a Life Coach & How Is It Different From A Therapist?

Many people often confuse a life coach with a therapist, but both of them are two different words. So let us get to know what is the major difference between both of them. A therapist is someone who helps clients to deal with their mental health issues and try to resolve whatever they are facing it can be their difficult feelings, relationship issues, beliefs, behaviors, personal problems, problematic habits, and so on. The process of therapy is to get relief or to come out of a bad phase you are facing, it is done by talking to a mental health professional who is trained to solve such problems.

Whereas a life coach is someone who is a trained professional who helps you build a meaningful life. They are not someone who tells you what to do, but they guide you on how to deal with things, how to bring a change in your life, or how to improve your relationships with others.

The talking therapy with the life coach will help you in bringing clarity about your goals, overcome the obstacles that come in your way, and provide you with the support & guidance you need to live a progressive life. They provide you with solutions and strategies depending on your the problem you face and skills. But remember that they can’t treat your mental health issues only therapists and mental health professionals can.

Now that the difference between both of the terms is clear, let’s just move on to what type of life coaches there are, and what they can help you with. Also, we will be talking about the benefits and drawbacks of life coaching and solve all your doubts about what is a life coach and which life coach will help you solve what challenges ,so without any further due let’s dive into the topic.

Types Of Life Coaches

1. Career Coaching

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If you are someone who is planning to have a career change, thinking of retirement, or in general facing any issues in your career. You can have a one-to-one coaching session with the career coach. They are professionals with good knowledge about different careers and opportunities it has to offer.

They help students and clients to figure out what they really want to pursue in life, what career path they want to go on, and what opportunities are available for that particular field. Also, you can seek advice from them if you are stuck in making a certain decision about your career.

They also help their clients to determine what their career goals are by knowing their skills and strengths. Depending on your interests and skillset they also let you know about what kind of opportunities are available in the field you want to work.

They also carry out assessments based on personality and skills to know more about their clients & in which field their interest lies. They can also guide you on how to write resumes, Cvs, and cover letters for jobs and provide feedback if needed.

They can also help you in finding the right colleges that match your interests & career choice and also will guide you if you want to study abroad. Also provides information about various scholarships, student loans, fully funded opportunities and so on that you can avail of such benefits to fund your education.

2. Business Coaches

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As the name suggests, a business coach is someone who mentors and guides business owners about their businesses. They are business professionals with excellent knowledge about how businesses work and an understanding of human psychology.

If you are someone who has a difficulty in setting your company’s vision, don’t know how to go about a new business, or require any kind of suggestions about your business then you can approach a business coach to help you out.

They work with small business owners and guide them about their visions, and business strategies, and also if they are stuck with any kind of decision, they provide them with personalized advice. Whereas in large organizations they work and mentor their managers and employees on how they can maximize their potential to achieve organizational goals and increase productivity.

They analyze different strategies which lead to business success or failure and provide some suggestions for business growth as well. They communicate to the owners about the strengths and weaknesses of the business, along with monitoring the overall growth of the company so that they can provide them ways through which they can expand and improve business.

3. Family & Relationship Coaching

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If there is any kind of communication problem in a family or couple they help to solve it, by facilitating a conversation. They take family coaching sessions to help the individuals sort out issues within them. They try to talk about their problems and issues they are facing, which is leading to communication difficulties between them and give out ways to solve the issues.

They help people in having improved relationships with their family or loved ones. Also, they help in developing mutual understanding and respect for one another, by keeping in mind the nature, differences, and behaviour of the people in the family. They help in initiating a conversation between couples and family and find a middle ground for them to resolve their conflicts.

They also guide people who are facing marriage or divorce problems, they give them the space to talk about the things that are affecting them and causing issues within their relationship. It helps people improve communication skills and have better relationships with their partners.

4. Mental Health Coach

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A busy life and a lot of pressure can be a reason for your stress because of which sometimes we become emotionally drained too. To deal with these issues, mental health coaching sessions help in providing you with ways to manage stress and be more focused.

They teach you ways how you can overcome such issues and live a balanced life. They help you in identifying your fears and setting personal goals, they provide you with effective techniques to handle challenges in a better manner.

But if someone has serious mental health conditions then you should talk to a therapist, to get proper mental health treatment. Now you may be wondering why not a mental coach, the answer to this is that the life coaches in any niche focus more on the present and future and give you strategies based on behaviour.

Whereas a therapist is mental health professional who is more focused on your past and present and is concerned with emotional healing and cognition.

A mental health coach helps you recognize problematic behaviours and give ways to unlearn those so that to live a relaxed and more focused life. Many sports players approach a mental health coach to stay calm and attentive while matches or under pressure.

5. Financial Coach

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As the name suggests, a financial coach is someone who helps you in managing your money better and how you can spend it wisely. They analyze your financial conditions through your spending habits, tax returns, accounts, and so on. They provide you with strategies that you can use to overcome if you are facing any kind of financial issues.

They not only help you develop healthy financial habits but guide you on how you can manage money in day-to-day life and can save even for your future goals. One can always approach a financial coach if they think they have spending issues or they are not able to manage money properly or have savings.

They are professionals with a deep knowledge of finance, they guide you on how you can take control of your own finances and have a stable financial life. They also identify your financial problems, and how you can tackle them.

People often confuse a financial coach with a financial advisor, the difference between both of them is a financial coach is someone who gives you the necessary information about finance and how you can improve it, even if you are someone who is a beginner with fewer assets they help you get on the right track with the finances. Whereas a financial advisor helps people in advising about wealth building and how they can manage their investments for the long term.

6. Health & Wellness Coach

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This type of coach’s job is to provide its clients with wellness techniques that can help them in bringing a healthy change in their lifestyles & habits as well as to work on self-improvement.

They help you in removing the negative patterns that affect your overall life and behaviour. They look after your overall well-being and advice you about what changes you can bring to your eating habits, sleeping patterns, lifestyle, life choices, and so on so that you have a healthy life.

They take one-to-one coaching sessions with their clients, to understand more about their lifestyle, health, and habits. Also to identify what problems they are facing and give them a personalized plan which they can follow to solve them and reach their goals.

They help clients in creating their own goals about their wellness and health and support them throughout to reach the goal. They also monitor the client’s success in achieving their health and fitness goals, also they suggest new ways to achieve them too.

They provide tips and guidance for issues like overeating, gaining or losing weight, nutrition, fitness problems, and so on. They give you a personalized plan depending upon your needs and issues, in order to bring a change in your lifestyle and improve your overall condition.

Advantages Of Life Coaching:

  1. Self-confidence- It helps people in being confident and enhances self-esteem by addressing the issues and taking necessary steps to build confidence.
  2. To be content- Life cannot be always happier, but we can always try to make it better and feel good about ourselves and our life. For that, it’s important to be happy on the inside and be content with the life you are living, and seek happiness in little things. Life coaching helps you in making your life even more meaningful and opens you to a new perspective on life.
  3. Clarity – When you know what you want, what are your goals, and how you going about your life, it brings clarity to your life and helps you in making good decisions. It helps you to overcome any obstacles that come along the path and reach the desired goal.
  4. Starts building better relationships with others- When you learn how to communicate effectively with others, understand them, accept each other’s differences and listen, it helps to create a good bond with others.
  5. Unlearn bad habits- A life coach recommends you some strategies or tips which help you in eliminating the bad habits or behaviours from your life. You learn about what those habits are and work on them, to become a better version of yourself.
  6. Get to know your strengths and weakness better- You learn about your strong points and weak points both, so you can work on your weaknesses to improve them and transform them into your strengths. Also analyzing all this helps to understand yourself better.
  7. Helps in achieving goals- To set your goals and develop the necessary steps to achieve them, happens only when you have clarity about your dreams and goals. To get you where you want to be and to define what your goals are, life coaching can help you with it.
  8. To be open-minded- We often see things from our perspective and the beliefs and values that we hold, but having a life coach helps you see things from a different perspective. It opens your mind to new things and perspectives, which also helps you in trying things differently and unlocks your potential to grab different opportunities.

Disadvantages Of Life Coaching

  1. Expensive- To hire a good life coach who guides you in the right direction is important and to hire one can be a little expensive and they charge their costs according to hours i.e anywhere between 70$ – 200$ per hour.
  2. If you are not focused to achieve a goal- Hiring a life coach just for the sake is of no use if you are not really committed to your goal or bettering your life. It would be a waste of time and energy for both parties.
  3. A fake life coach- As no license is required to be a life coach, anyone can be one & can easily fool you just for money. Some real-life coaches may have some certifications for showing their expertise. So it’s always better to check the ones you are working with if they are real-life coaches or just claim that they are one.
  4. Trust issues: When you hire a life coach you don’t exactly know what their true intentions are and whether they can be trusted or not.
  5. Coaches are not magicians, that whatever they say will come true and your life will be improved, it can happen that sometimes their ways won’t work out for you as planned.

Final Note

Life coaching can really be effective for those who are really committed to achieving their goals, you can’t expect a life coach to help you in reaching your goals because it’s on you to take the necessary actions and stay committed to achieving those. A life coach can only guide you, mentor you and show you the ways you can make things work, but until you don’t make any effort to be better all these would be of no use.

Some life coaches who are great at what they do actually bring out the best in people and turned their lives around by helping them meet their goals not only professional ones but personal ones too. That’s why it’s really important to have a good life coach in your life, who empowers you to do better.

With this we come to an end of this blog about life coaching, I hope you got to learn something about life coaching as a field and its different niches along with its positives and negatives.

How To Become An FBI Agent? 7 Important Steps To Get In FBI

“How To Become An FBI Agent?” you may have searched this question on Google after watching some crime-packed shows like Quantico, Criminal minds, White Collar, Perception, and so on. But have you ever given it a serious thought on how to become an FBI agent or what would it be like in real life? Many of you may want to be aspiring FBI agents but we may not know how to go about it.

So don’t worry even if you are someone who is looking forward to having a career as a federal bureau of investigation agent or you are someone who is interested in knowing more about it stick around so that you know everything about the process of becoming an FBI agent.

So now first let’s get to know the basics of Fbi agents, like what they are, what they do, what their duty includes, and then in the second part we will talk about their education, training, salary, skills, and so on.

What Is The Federal Bureau Of Investigation?

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A federal bureau of investigation looks after the federal crimes which take place in the United States of America by which national security is threatened or national laws are violated. In simple words, “Federal” = the federal government of the country, “Bureau”= a particular department, and “Investigation”= refers to people that investigate & solve crimes, which includes things like gathering evidence and witnesses, locating suspects, and finding out who committed the crime. It protects the country against crimes like cyber-based attacks, terrorism, espionage, foreign intelligence, cyber operations, and so on.

Duties Of An FBI Agent

The duties of an FBI agent may vary depending on what career path they choose, what their expertise is, or what work is assigned to them, given below is the basic duties that FBI agents perform. Types of career paths in the FBI include counter-terrorism, criminal investigation, Cyber, Intelligence & Counterintelligence.

  • Collecting all evidence of the crime
  • Gather necessary information, data & facts and analyzes it
  • Interviews the suspects and locates the witnesses for the case
  • Monitor the activities of the suspect and studies their behavior
  • Keeps an eye on foreign governments, through its branches around the world.
  • Monitors online activities, carrying out arrests and raids.
  • Investigates criminal activities both domestic as well as foreign (the ones that affect the citizens of the USA)

1. Education Requirement

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The minimum requirement is to have a bachelor’s degree or higher in any relevant field, the preferred choice is criminal justice, political science, cyber security, forensic accounting, psychology, and so on. The degree must be from a US accredited college or university.

Work experience is also required along with education, for those of you who hold a bachelor’s degree you may be required to have a work experience of 2 years and if you hold a master’s degree or higher one year of experience would be enough. Can consider jobs related to the law enforcement agency so that you get the required experience.

2. Age Requirement

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To become an FBI agent you must be between 23 years- and 36 years old at least when you join. If you are looking forward to applying for the special agent’s position make sure you do it before your 36th birthday. It’s necessary for all special agents to serve for 20 years in the field. The retirement age for the same is 57 years.

3. Other Basic Requirements

Now before we proceed further to the process of becoming an FBI agent, the eligibility criteria which I’m mentioning must be kept in mind before applying for the overall process

  • To work for the FBI you need to be a citizen of the United States of America
  • You need to get your background check done (if you have any kind of criminal history or not)
  • You need to pass the drug test
  • Must have excellent physical fitness and a good health
  • A driving license is required and 6 years of experience in it too.
  • You may also be required to give a lie detector test.

4. Career Paths In The FBI

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The other career paths that you can pursue in the FBI fields are given below, education and work experience will depend on the field you want to join. I will be mentioning the fields below along with the skills required in them.

A. Special Agents 

  • Excellent communication skills and active listening
  • Must be flexible and adaptable to various situations and should know how to respond to various challenges that occur.
  • Problem-solving and teamwork
  • Interpersonal and Leadership skills

B. Forensic Accountants

  • Good communication skills
  • Knowledge about accounting and laws
  • Attention to Detail
  • A creative approach to solving problems
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills

C. Intelligence Analyst

  • Report writing skills and knowledge about Information Technology
  • Decision Making and Cyber Security
  • Knows different languages
  • Knows database management
  • Teamwork, Flexibility, and Adaptability
  • Well-versed with IT applications.

D. Surveillance

  • Good with modern technology
  • Teamwork and Good communication skills
  • Knows how to use different surveillance equipment
  • Active Listening and Critical thinking
  • Excellent monitoring skills

E. Language Specialist

  • Excellent Communication skills & active listening
  • Good writing skills are a must
  • Research skill
  • Knows how to use computer

These were some of the paths which you can pursue in the federal bureau of investigation field.

Now before we proceed further into the process of getting into the FBI field make sure you keep everything mentioned above in mind before applying to become an FBI agent.

Step By Step Process On How To Become An FBI Agent

1. The Application Process

To start with the application process make sure you meet all the basic requirements which were mentioned above. The next step is to make sure everything is clear as far as your background check and the eligibility criteria are concerned.

If not then you may be auto disqualified, for those of you who aren’t familiar with this term it means that you do not present the correct information about your past criminal history, fails a drug test, you are not a citizen of the USA or other such reasons then, you will be automatically disqualified from applying for the FBI.

In the application process, you need to provide your college transcripts, resume (not your regular one but a federal resume that you submit while applying to a federal government agency), and military documents if any. You can submit this application along with the necessary documents on the main website of the FBI or at the local FBI field office.

2. Proctored Exam

So after you pass the application process FBI, the next step in this is to give a 3-hour exam. You will be informed whether you have cleared the first step i.e the application screening or not, and then only you can proceed further. In this proctored exam your personality, reasoning, judgment, preferences, and interests will be assessed. If you pass this exam, you will be called for an interview round with FBI representatives/evaluators.

You have to travel all the way to the FBI field office at your own expense, if you clear this interview you will move to the further step. The results of these interviews are reviewed by FBI headquarters.

3. Phase 2

After part one where you have an interview with representatives, the next step is another examination you need to give after you pass the interview. This will be a written test that you will be required to give along with an interview. It will be a properly structured interview of the candidate which will be taken by the FBI special agents. If you get successful in clearing phase 2 too then you will be invited to take a physical fitness test.

4. The Physical Fitness Test

It’s not a normal fitness test you give but is quite a strict one, so make sure that you are prepared for it prior. FBI also provides an app that helps the agent trainees to prepare for it. There are in total 3 chances given to pass the fitness test so if you fail in the first you still have two more. After you are notified about the test make sure you take it within 14 days.

5. Conditional Appointment Offer

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After you pass the fitness test, you will be offered the conditional appointment offer which you have to respond to within a week. With this, the FBI will also investigate your background, verify your education that you presented, any past criminal record, polygraph test, life, interview friends and family about you, drug tests, and so on.

6. Basic Field Training Course

The final phase of the application process consists of a training program at the FBI academy. In this, the new agents have to go through intensive training which is of somewhat 20 weeks. In this training you will be taught firearms training, report writing, intelligence techniques, forensic science, interrogation, weapon training, and so on.

7. The Final Stage

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With the completion of the overall process, and also the training program you will now have to move to the location where you will be assigned. The field office where you will be assigned can be in the United States of America or outside it. This is how you become an official FBI special agent after passing the different stages in the process.

Salary of FBI Agents

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The average salary per year of an FBI agent is between $66359- and $ 72456. But it also depends on the location you are assigned to and the position you are on, so the salary may vary. Also along with salary FBI agents also get various benefits like life insurance, health insurance, paid time off, retirement, and so on.

Some Tips About The Overall FBI Agent Process

  1. It’s clear that the above-mentioned process is not at all easy and every stage of the hiring process takes a lot of time, so you need to be patient and apply only when you are totally ready to give it a go and are serious about becoming an FBI agent.
  2. Read the eligibility requirements thoroughly on the website, and see whether you meet the eligibility criteria or not.
  3. Don’t try to present any false information, because eventually, the FBI is good at finding out and it may lead to your disqualification from the process.
  4. Be physically fit, and then only go for the physical fitness test.
  5. Make sure to keep a check when you are notified about your next step so that you know whether you are qualified or not.
  6. Before going for the interview, take a rest properly so that your mind is fresh as they are very intense interviews.
  7. Everything asked at the time of the interview, say it with truthfulness don’t try to lie.
  8. Be on time for your interviews, so that you don’t waste your as well as their time
  9. Before applying for the FBI, do your research to get to know about this field, and what it is and you can also know more about people who already work in this field.
  10. Be confident! while you are presenting yourself in front of the representatives

Working with the FBI in any position you need to have a top-secret security clearance which in short means that they will investigate your whole background as mentioned in the above steps. This process even takes a year to finish which includes tests, interviews, the application process, training, exams, and so on.

Final Note

With this we come to an end of this blog of How to become an FBI agent, if you are someone who really wants to get in this field make sure that you are firm about it, you match the eligibility criteria, and then apply. It’s not really easy to get into the field like the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

It takes a lot of time and patience, as per some sources it also said that the FBI only accepts fewer than 20% of its applicants. Now you know that it’s a highly competitive field to get in.

So that’s it for this blog, I hope you got all your questions answered through this blog about the hiring process of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and also keep in mind the tips provided while applying for the FBI. Thanks for reading!

An Ultimate Guide To Employment Contracts: Top 7 Things You Need to Know

“Employment contract” is a word that you get to hear in the world of various professions and jobs. Some of us would have also signed it at some point in our lives, but some people who are yet to join the employment world may not know about this term in detail.

But no need to worry, as this blog is here to clear out all your doubts related to the employment contract. Doesn’t matter if you have been familiar with the term or not, you will get to learn many things about it and also the things you should take care of while signing any employment contract.

An employment contract is an important document for both parties which establishes the employment relationship. Both the employer and the employee agrees to sign the written contract where all the agreed terms & conditions are mentioned. Not all are written contracts there are various types to it as well which we will also be talking about.

What Is Meant By An Employment Contract & Its Importance

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An employment contract is a legal document that consists of the roles & responsibilities of the employee, the agreed salary & benefits, work hours, tenure of a job if any, the conditions, the confidentiality of trade secrets, limitations and so on.

The employment contract works both ways it’s not just for the employee to follow but also for the employer. For eg, the day to day assigned duties in the agreement should be followed by the employee, and the promised remuneration is to be given by the employer. Also, it becomes important to take all the terms and conditions in a written contract, so that if there is any breach you can sort it out between yourselves or take an action.

It plays an important role because it gives a sense of security to both the parties, that they will follow the agreed terms in the contract and are aware of the things mentioned in the employment contract.

Also, the employment contract is not just for full-time employment it can also be made for temporary contract or part-time.

Types Of Employment Agreement

1. Implied Employment Contract

As the name suggests “implied” which means whatever is communicated through a statement, conduct or action to the employee during the interview process or said in an indirect way is an implied contract. In this type of employment, the employer and employee don’t sign the written contract nor it is verbally said.

You work for the business without any agreement or verbal agreement, because you think that the same things will be implied by the employer which he/she mentioned previously through their actions or conduct. Some may also follow the employee handbooks for understanding the responsibilities and benefits.

For eg: your employer mentioning the job security the company will be providing you is a form of implied contract, it’s not written anywhere but he/she stated about it which makes it an implied employment contract.

2. At-Will Employment Contract

It’s a type of agreement that allows your employers to terminate you from the company, it can be for any legal reason but they can’t fire them for illegal reasons which include caste, gender, sexuality and so on. No proper tenure is mentioned for the employee to continue and there is no job security as well.

It also allows the employee to resign from the job title for any reason, it can be because of change in job or city, or for any other reasons. But it’s always better to provide notice before leaving.

At-will employment contracts give the power to the employer to change the benefits, pay, work hours and so on. Working without a contract can have many disadvantages and it may often create uncertainty of losing the job.

One example of an at-will employment contract will be:

If the employer doesn’t like how an employee works or perform his duties or any other not so good reason, he/she can fire him for that purpose as well.

3. Written Employment Contract

This is the most commonly known type of employment contract and is mostly used by different companies. The employer and employee sign the legal document which is in the written form.

A written contract includes everything about the employment and the mutually agreed terms. It includes working hours, pay, benefits, sick leave, duties of the employees, holidays, employment duration, job position and so on.

So at any point in time, you feel that you are not clear about anything related to the job, you can read the contract for that matter.

4. Oral Contract

When an employer speaks to you about an employment offer and you agree to it, it’s called the oral contract. Also known as the verbal contract, where everything takes place in a spoken communication manner.

There can be evidence to this type of contract, someone who will listen to the terms and conditions you and your employer are agreeing on. At times some people also write it to remember what they spoke about at the time of the recruiting process.

By having verbal communication you get to know about the job offered, the job title, salary, tenure and so on. So if you agree to it you let the employer know during the discussion.

5. Fixed-Term Contract

As the name suggests “fixed-term” means that the employee works only for a specific time period in the organization. It can be for a project or a task or can be for fixed months.

It can also be said to be temporary, they receive the treatment just like normal employees. They get benefits, pay, protections and others. This contract can also be renewed if the contract changes into a permanent one.

One example of a fixed-term contract would be:

An employer offered you a position in their XYZ company for like 4 months for an important project for which they found you suitable then this can be considered as a fixed-term contract.

6. Freelance Contract

Freelancers are often said to be independent contractors. As they work by themselves with no such employer to guide or supervise them. As an independent contractor also you got to have a contract between you and the client. The contract is just like a typical employment contract.

The contract will include information such as the hours the freelancer will give to the work, the payment structure for the services rendered, details about the project, and other necessary things to be mentioned.

Different freelancers specialise in various categories like graphic designing, content writing, software development, tutoring and so on.

Example of a freelance contract: as a freelancer, you took up a project of ABC client, the project is to design a logo in 2-3 days and give it to the client. So all the details of this project will be mentioned in the contract along with how much pay you will take, the time period, when will they receive payment and other necessary details. This contract is made so that the freelancers have the proof because many clients deny or delay payments.

7. Confidentiality Agreement

Also known as the non-disclosure agreement, the confidentiality agreement is when the employee agrees that he/she will keep information like trade secrets or important business things confidential and will not disclose it to anyone or use it for any personal gain.

The confidentiality clause is of 2 types one is:

A. Unilateral: This means that the one receiving the information from the main person should keep the information confidential. It doesn’t apply to the person sharing the information.

B. Mutual: it means that both parties who have the information about the organization or business will keep it confidential and will not breach the contract.

8. Part-Time Contract

Part-time contracts are different from full-time employment contracts. The part-time employees don’t work full time, like the other employees.

The things which are included in a part-time contract are flexible hours, sometimes there is the specific time mentioned for the part-time, roles & responsibilities, pay structure, and others.

A person who works less than 30 hours a week in an organisation can be called a part-time employee. An example of this would be: if you are a person who does a side by side business to handle, but you want to have a side income so you prefer to go for a part-time job. After you are selected for a part-time position in the company then you and the employer agree mutually to the part-time contract and you work for a few hours only.

Things That Should Be Taken Care Of While Agreeing /Signing An Employment Contract

Before proceeding towards all things to keep in mind, one thing that is important while signing an employment contract is to read the entire agreement twice by not skipping any part. If you agree to all the things written in the document and have no problem with any part of it then only you must sign. Without reading you will not know the obligations you are agreeing to and this may lead to trouble. Now let’s get back to the things you must check in an agreement before signing it.

1. The Job Title

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The first thing you should look for is the job title, is it the same that you applied for and were interviewed for make sure to check. So that you know about your position and title in the company.

2. Roles & Responsibilities

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After checking your job title, check if your duties & role in the organisation matches the job description and the responsibilities discussed at the time of the interview. If you see any role or responsibilities which doesn’t match your skills or the job that you applied for, you can talk about it with your employer and sort things out. Don’t just ignore it.

3. Timings & Work Hours

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For someone who is a full-time employee, it’s necessary to check when you will commence your job and how many hours you will work for. If you think the working hours are not the same as mentioned to you in the interview, then have a talk with your employer and clear things out.

For those of you who work as an independent contractor, your work timings depend on you, so you can mention how much time you will be giving and at what time so that your clients know about it.

Also get to know about the overtime clauses if any, so that you will get a clear idea of how it works and what compensation will be provided.

4. Remuneration & Benefits

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Talking about salary, make sure if it’s the same that was mentioned in your appointment letter or discussed in the interview. Many companies also offer various benefits to their employees in the salary package.

Some of the benefits are given below:

Paid vacation to any country or place, performance incentives or festival bonuses, health insurance or life insurance, paid sick holidays or medical leave, programs or workshops for employee training, pension plans after retirement and so on.

5. Holiday Policy & Sick Leave

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Get to know about how many days off you can take, and how many days prior you need to inform before taking leave & what will be the process like. Know about the company’s leave system how many holidays it gives you annually including the festivals.

Also check whether your sick leaves would be paid or not, as some companies do provide paid sick leave. If you are not a full-time or part-time employee but an independent contractor then you may not need to ask someone else for leave, as it depends on you. Also, freelancers don’t get any benefits from any employer they have to pay for their benefits themselves.

6. Pension

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Some companies do provide their employees with pension plans while some companies may not have it. Check in the contract whether anything related to pension is mentioned or not.

Companies that provide a pension scheme for employees is written in your legal contract.

7. Clauses & Company Policy

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The employer and employee on a mutual agreement sign the contract which also consists of various clauses. Given below are the clauses that you should read thoroughly in a contract. All these clauses come into effect after the termination of the employee.

a. Confidentiality Clause

As mentioned in the above confidentiality agreement, this contract is made for protecting the client information and also the confidential information of the business. After agreeing to this clause the employee has to keep all the trade secrets or information of the company safe and not use it for any personal purposes.

b. Restrictive Clause

This means that the employee is not allowed to give any sort of information about a company he/she used to work with in the past. Information like strategies, customer information, confidential secrets, and so on. This type of clause is to protect the business and avoids the misuse of company information.

c.Non-Solicitation Clause

This clause includes that an employee agrees that he/she will not use or give past company’s client’s details, contacts, customer information and others to his/her former company when they exit the organization. This clause can be written under the non compete agreement or can come separately.

d. Non-Compete Clause

Under this clause, an employee agrees to the terms that he/she will not start any trade practices or business against his past employer. Also, this clause includes that the employee will not work for any of the competitors of the company.

e. Non-Poaching Clause

Under this clause, no two businesses will try to poach each other’s employees. For those of you who aren’t aware of the term poaching, it means that the company recruit employees from a competitive company. They are contracts between the employers of the same field companies to not recruit employees of each other.

f. Non-Dealing Clause

This clause states that the employee must not contact or deal with clients that are of his prior company.

About the company policy make sure to read it thoroughly so that as an employee you understand how the code of conduct & rules the company follow.

Final Note

If you are someone who is a fresher, or even someone who is currently finding a job or is on its way to getting hired by a company. Make sure that you don’t ignore any part of the agreement while signing it.

Even for the ones who are in the freelancing business, it becomes important for them as well to have a legal contract, where you can mention all the necessary terms and conditions so that if there is any misunderstanding or a breach you can sort things out with your client, as the document is in written form.

Also, you can always go to a law firm or a lawyer to get your employment contract checked. These were some of the things you need to take care of before signing an employment contract. I hope you all found this blog informative and got to learn about different types of employment contracts.

10 Little-Known Bachelor’s In Psychology Jobs

What kind of Bachelor’s In Psychology Jobs one can opt for? You might have thought about this question if you are someone who is planning to go for a psychology degree or you just graduated and looking for options in this field.

Let me tell you psychology bachelor’s degree has a lot to offer you, it’s a diverse field with a lot of career opportunities for you to pursue, you just need to find the best fit psychology career for yourself.

Understanding human behavior and mind, how it works and learning more about its processes, is kind of interesting. You can use what you learn in the psychology degree in any field, it’s not restricted to just one field. For eg: If you are a brand or a business, you make sure that you connect to your target audience on a personal level, you try to understand their behavior and then you plan your advertisements, products and so on.

It’s not just for the business but psychology is used everywhere and when you start comprehending it, it will help you in knowing other people better, why people do what they do and it will also help you in developing skills like decision making and critical thinking.

Now without any further a due let’s get to know about what all you will learn in undergraduate psychology programs and then discuss what job opportunities you have in this field.

Overview Of Psychology Bachelor’s Degree

A degree in psychology covers a wide range of topics, you will get to learn the science of the human mind and its behavior. It’s a three to four-year degree program where you learn various subjects which will help you understand the core of psychology and how to practically use it.

Also, according to your interest, you can pick psychology majors in whichever field you want to specialize in. Later on, you can also do a two-three years master’s degree, which will give you full-fledged knowledge and develop the required skills of a specific field you want to pursue a career in.

Advantages Of Having A Bachelor’s Degree In Psychology

  1. A variety of career options to choose from some of them can be, counseling, psychologist, social worker, and many more.
  2. Psychology undergraduate programs are available in different countries, which you can opt for.
  3. You get a better understanding of a human’s inner self and their personalities which helps you not only in the field of psychology but also in a daily life
  4. You also earn well and as this field is growing day by day it’s demand is increasing.
  5. You develop important skills like communication, critical thinking, empathy, decision-making, and interpersonal skills.

Drawbacks Of Having A Psychology Degree

  1. Without a degree you can’t do any job in the psychology field, at least a bachelor’s degree is required.
  2. Working in this field can be stressful, as there can be a lot of pressure of paperwork, dealing with other people’s distress daily, meeting deadlines, and so on.
  3. If you set up your own practice in this field, then it may become difficult to handle as you have to manage everything by yourself.
  4. There are people who still think that this degree is not so profitable and important.
  5. For some professions just a bachelor’s degree is not enough you need to have a master’s degree or a PhD.

10 Little-Known Professions To pursue If You Are A Psychology Degree Holder

1. Psychiatric Technician

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Their duty is to provide assistance to the patients who are facing mental health and developmental problems by following the instructions given by the patient’s doctor.

They take good care of their patients and monitor their progress of mental and physical well-being. If they observe and see no change or the patient behaving weird or violent it’s their duty to report it to the health personnel.

They provide support to the patients whenever needed for eg: communicating with the patients and providing counseling if needed. Being a psychiatric technician, it’s important to be friendly and kind with the patients as they are mentally disturbed your duty will be to encourage them and to help them to come out of that tough phase.

Not only it’s the role of the psychiatric technician to take care of the patient’s mental health but also physical health.

Also, they look after the admission process of new patients and the release of existing patients.

Skills Required 

  1. Excellent interpersonal communication skills
  2. Should be good at counseling
  3. Good observational skills
  4. Empathy and compassion
  5. Physically strong and fit to lift or move those who are physically restrained.
  6. Active listening

2. Clinical Psychologist

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Their role is to identify the mental health problems their clients are facing, and by interacting with them they get to know about their condition. Sometimes they also question them in order to understand their problems better and to prescribe them tests or solutions to deal with them.

They don’t give them medicines to treat any kind of mental illness, it can be in some cases but not always. As they use various psychological techniques to treat their clients.

They counsel their patients to resolve their serious mental distress and behavioral issues. There is various clinical psychologist as well, who deals with only a specific disorder or several ones, but the common thing in all clinical psychologist is that they treat their patients using psychological practices.

To be a clinical psychologist you at least need to have a graduate degree because further for doing a master’s degree or doctoral degree, institutions require it.

Skills Required

  1. Good communication skills
  2. Knowledge about psychology techniques and knowing how to use them in practice
  3. Writing skills
  4. Knows how to empathize with others and active listening
  5. Observational and problem-solving skills
  6. Critical thinking and research skills
  7. Open-minded

3. Career Counselor

They are the ones who provide career counseling services, for the students who are confused about their career path or know what they want to do but are still unsure and want to know more about the career they want to pursue and the options available.

A career counselor is like a guide, who shows the path of options best for their clients. They are experts in this field and also help students in making their career choices. They assess the students on various factors like their personalities, the profession they like, interests, their likes & dislikes, what they want to become, and so on.

They ask students various questions about their careers and interests in order to get insights and to narrow down their options. They also help them in narrowing their career paths, advise them about the various career opportunities that they can opt for in the future, and provide them with guidance to have a successful career.

Skills Required

  1. To be able to build rapport with clients
  2. Communication and problem-solving skills
  3.  Active listening
  4.  Maintain confidentiality
  5. Non-judgemental and self-aware
  6. Interpersonal skills

4. Correctional Treatment Specialists

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Correctional treatment specialist helps in providing social services to the parolees. They are also known as case managers.

Their role is to make sure that the parolees live an improved life after they are released from jail. They work with the probation and parole officers and help the parolees to get proper counseling, employment, household, substance abuse treatment, and so on.

They make plans and take appropriate steps on how to let the parolees back into society so that they can live a life like responsible citizens. They make sure to check the parolee’s criminal history and background, make reports on it, check their emotional and psychological status depending on which they plan their approach accordingly. So that they live a normal life, without causing any harm to others. The correctional treatment specialists sometimes also conduct anger management training, psychological tests, counseling, and so on.

Skills required

  1. Should be able to communicate effectively
  2.  Writing and interviewing skills
  3.  Patience
  4.  Problem-solving and analytical skills
  5.  Knowledge about human behavior
  6. The ability to understand non-verbal communication.

5. Child Care Worker

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Child care workers are in demand these days, as working parents require them to take care of their children. As a child care worker, your duties will be to look after children, help them with their studies, provide them with food and manage their everyday activities.

They need to take care of babies which can be toddlers, small babies, young children, or teens. For toddlers, you will be required to feed them food with your hands, give them toys to play with, teach them good habits, bathe them and dress them up, and so on. Sometimes your job can be for less time, just for a few hours or a day or two, but you can also work part-time or full time as you wish.

Whereas the children or teens who are a little older don’t require too much attention. You may have to help them with studies, teach them new skills, cook food for them, play and so on. This duty comes with a lot of responsibilities, it will not just be about taking care of the little children but also making sure their development is happening properly and teaching them good things via fun and knowledgeable activities.

Skills Required

  1. Knows how to communicate with children
  2. Creative thinking
  3. Decision making
  4. Physically fit
  5. To have a positive attitude
  6. Patience & enthusiasm
  7. Monitoring and teaching skills

6. Market Researcher

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Their role is to carry out market research, it can be for a variety of reasons like to know about the trends in the market, in-demand products or services, leading brands, sales and so on.

The job is to gather all the necessary data, analyze it to make it easily readable, and present it in the form of reports. Most market researchers are hired by various companies or marketing agencies to conduct research for them.

The data that market researchers find is of two types one is quantitative and another one is qualitative. In quantitative you deal with numbers or statistics and this data can be quickly analyzed whereas in qualitative your deal with people’s thoughts and opinions which can be difficult to analyze at times.

Skills Required

  1. Research skills
  2. Keen observation to detail and accuracy
  3. Must be aware of businesses & knowledge about the market
  4. Strong written communication & verbal communication
  5. Problem-solving & analytical skills
  6. Good with numbers and technology

7. Human Resources

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The role of hr is conducting interviews, making sure to hire people who are fit for the position, and managing the employees.

They look after things related to employees like salary negotiation, benefits, resolving conflicts if any, training process of employees, and so on. Also, the whole hiring process right from shortlisting applications to hiring a candidate is taken care of by the hr of the company. After hiring the training and managing the employees is also done by the hr. They also monitor the employees’ performance and also provide them with appropriate training and development so that they give the best to the organization with their improved self.

They do strategic planning, look after how many candidates are required currently, and do the candidates have the necessary skills and qualifications to match with company goals or not.

Skills Required

  1. Excellent communication skills
  2.  Relationship building & management
  3.  Teamwork & knows how to resolve conflicts
  4.  Training & decision making skills
  5.  Must be good at problem-solving
  6. Time management
  7.  Emotional intelligence & active listening

8. Research Assistant

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They assist the main professionals in research projects. They prepare the questions to be asked to the people during the collection of data and surveys.

If other people are involved in the project as well, they supervise & make sure that all of them are working properly and is there any progress or not. Also to sum up the findings from the data gathered, they make reports.

To present the findings, they help with preparing the presentations for the professionals. Proofreading and checking the data collected is accurate is not is also a part of their job. They work under the supervision of knowledgeable professionals, who are the main researchers of the project.

There can be other tasks as well depending on what is required for the research project.

Skills Required

  1. Communication skills
  2. Observational and keen to detail skills
  3.  Data analysis and critical thinking
  4.  Excellent computer skills
  5.  Time management
  6.  Interviewing and planning

9. Psychology Lab Assistants

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Their duty is to make sure that all the laboratory equipment needed for the experiment is all set up properly and operated.

The role of a lab assistant is to supervise that experiments are carried out safely, the lab environment is clean and to make sure the lab equipment is timely repaired or to replace them if they are damaged. Also, you have to keep a record of lab inventories and explain the procedures of the lab to the students/researchers who are new.

The duty also includes is to ensure that everyone follows the rules and regulations of the lab. There can be other duties as well than the ones mentioned above, depending on what duties are assigned to you.

Skills Required

  1. Communication skills
  2.  Supervision
  3. Knowledge about lab equipment
  4.  Writing skills
  5. Well versed with technology

10. Mental Health Counselor

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They provide counseling services to people who are suffering from mental health problems like depression, anxiety, life problems, relationship issues, and so on.

They listen to the individual’s problems and what are they facing,& provide them with emotional support, advice, and solutions to deal with them. They also conduct sessions with family, in a group setting, or one-to-one.

They identify the reasons behind the mental health problems, by asking questions and interacting with the clients to understand them better.

Skills Required

  1.  Active listening & clear communication skills.
  2. Open-minded
  3.  Problem-solving & patience
  4.  Knows how to build rapport with clients
  5.  Empathy & non-judgemental
  6.  Confidentiality

These were some of the little-known bachelor’s in psychology jobs for you. Not only can you opt for a career which was mentioned above other than that you can also go for careers in criminal justice, case management services, advertising agencies, government agencies, social service agencies, and so on.

For Psychology students, one benefit is that you are not restricted to specific careers, as this field is growing day by day it has a lot to offer in terms of job opportunities and career options.

So if you are a psychology degree holder or are a student who is thinking to pursue psychology, then you can definitely go for one of these career options. This degree is not only useful for job purposes but also you get to learn a lot about the human mind and behavior which can be useful to you to understand people better.

With this we come to an end of this blog, I hope this blog helped you in getting to know about bachelor’s in psychology jobs and gave you clarity about the field.

What Is Freelancing? A Guide To 9 Best Jobs As A Freelancer

What Is Freelancing? This question would have come to your mind at some point in your life and you might even know what it is, but you may still be unsure how this thing really works. But don’t worry I got you covered as today we will be discussing what is freelancing exactly, what are its benefits & drawbacks and what freelancer jobs are trending these days.

What if I told you, that instead of working for someone else and doing a tedious 9 to 6 job you may simply become your own boss. This thought seems interesting, right? but you can actually become a fully self-employed person and start earning some good money by being a freelancer.

In order to start freelancing, you need to first understand how it works, where you can find clients & provide professional services to them.

So first let’s get to know about how the process of freelancing is and what all things you need to keep in mind while working as a self-employed, then we can proceed further with other information.

A Journey Of Becoming Self-Employed Person, How To Get Started Let’s Look At It Below


A freelancer is someone who is self-employed, takes projects/tasks of the short term, and earns money by providing their professional services to the client. They don’t work with a particular company but with multiple clients & companies. A freelancing career may seem easy to some people, but it really isn’t.

You work as an independent contractor/freelancer and take projects from multiple clients. Make sure that when your clients ask for it, you must be ready with the work. If there are any further changes in the work, they will be conveyed to you by the client.

In order to get good clients who give you big projects, you need to build trust and networks through which you can get some good gigs. Working with big clients will give you a good opportunity to make more money.

Also, you need to showcase the skills you have, your unique selling proposition (USP) that makes you different from other people in those fields, and what services you offer.

Because there are other freelancers who possess the same skills as you, you need to stand out differently and offer the best services so that your clients can get back to you whenever they have a project.

Some people are full-time freelancers whereas some people do it side by side with their other job. So if you are planning to work independently, then freelance jobs can be a good choice for you.

Now the main question that comes into people’s minds is where can I find clients, without having any contact or network. Well, today development of various freelancing websites has made it easy to find clients who hire you for work or projects.

Freelancing Sites For You To Check-Out

  1. Fiverr
  3. Upwork
  4. Design Hill
  5. Upstack
  6. Kimp
  7. Dribble
  8. People Per Hour

Tips For Becoming A Freelancer

What is freelancing
Image by Peter Olexa on Pexels

1. Know what your expertise is and what services can you offer to your clients & companies

2. Advertise yourself as much as you can, not just by writing sweet words online but by putting your work out there for people to see.

3. A strong digital presence is important, this will not only help you in showcasing your work and skills but also in building networks and finding clients.

4. Though you have flexible working hours and you can work from anywhere, it’s also necessary to keep a work-life balance and to manage your time accordingly.

5. Know your worth, the freelance market, and the value of your service, then charge your clients accordingly.

6. Don’t be rigid always be open to learning some new skills and showcasing them as well, so that it brings in new clients.

7. Build networks around you, let everyone know that you do freelancing work.

8. The more you grow, learn, and work on projects, the more experienced freelancers you become.

9. Today as we all have access to the internet, you can find a lot of freelance opportunities, all you need is to seek and grab the opportunity.

Benefits Of Doing Freelancing

1. You can work flexibly, according to yourself. You are your own boss so you decide how much work to take, it totally depends on you.

2. You work with different people/clients who come from a variety of fields, it gives you good exposure, enhances your skills & experience.

3. You get to decide freelance rates, according to your expertise, time spent, and expenses for the project

4. All the profits are yours, you don’t need to share them with anyone.

5. With big projects comes more money, as you become an experienced freelancer you can take as many projects as you can and earn big in a month.

6. You get to keep your work from home life, with flexible hours and work from anywhere across the globe

7. In this “gig economy” you don’t have to depend on your employer to give you a raise, you are your own boss so you upskill, gain experience and earn money.

8. There are tax deductions as well in a freelance job, as you can deduct expenses of the things that are required for freelance work like furniture, office supplies, or any other equipment.

Drawbacks Of Doing Freelancing

1. You have to pay self-employment tax, every year.

2. You don’t receive paid holidays, a health insurance policy, or any other benefits like a full-time employment job, as a freelancer you have to pay for it.

3. There is a lot of risk in a freelance business, as there is no surety that you will always get clients and get paid. Because as a freelancer you also face a few challenges like some clients don’t give you the payment on time even after the work is done, so you need to be aware of such clients.

4. You work all by yourself, you don’t have colleagues to surround yourself with and help you in your projects.

5. As a freelancer you sometimes may have a lot of work to do, and it might happen at times that you give lesser time to your personal life, that’s why it’s important to have a balance between work and life.

6. You are on your own, right from finding clients, working on projects to managing multiple clients at once.

9 Types Of Freelance Jobs

1. Freelance Writers

What is freelancing
Image by Lisa Fotios on Pexels

A freelance writing job is to create content for the client, the written text should match the expectations and instruction given by the client. The topics can be of any field like entertainment, branding, automobiles, finance, technology, and so on, it depends on your client, on which niche he/she gives you to write on.

You have to be creative and follow the instructions given by the client to deliver quality work. You will be writing content for websites, blogs, booklets, books, posts and so. Make sure that you have clarity in your mind about the instructions given for the projects so that you can work on them without any confusion.

Types of freelance writers:

1. Ghostwriting

You write for a client and it becomes totally their content in exchange you get paid for it, your name doesn’t get published anywhere.

2. News:

Writing news for various media like print, digital, or magazines.

3. Business & Public Relations Writing:

Writing various content like press releases, company manuals, public statements, company memos, and others, for business

4. Websites:

It includes writing web posts, blog articles, social media posts, product descriptions for websites, and so on

5. Copywriting

Writing copies for ads, print ads, campaigns, product pages, scripts, and others.

2. Translation Jobs

What is freelancing
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As a freelance worker, you have to translate text or audio from one language to another. For example: if my client has a french written text and he/she asks me to convert it into English, it’s called translation.

In order to be a good translator, it’s necessary that you know the language properly so that you can convert the text or audio appropriately without changing its meaning.

3. Transcription Jobs

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People often get confused between translation and transcription jobs, so let me clear it for you. The translation is basically when you change a text or audio from one language to another whereas transcription means to convert the spoken language into a written or digital text form.

You can become a good transcriber if you have great listening and understanding abilities. Because in order to write what is being said in a speech accurately it’s important to listen and write accurately.

The three types of transcription are:

1. Edited Transcription

This type of transcription means editing and removing the phrases or words which are not required. The essence of the speech still remains the same, just the non-required elements from the text are edited so that it delivers quality content.

2.Verbatim Transcription:

This is a little difficult transcription work, as it requires you to write verbal as well as non-verbal communication. You have to jot down everything their expressions, slang, speech, and so on. That’s what makes it complicated, so you have to be really careful and attentive.

3. Intelligent Transcription:

Editing all the unnecessary pauses, stammer, and repetitive words from the transcripted document. As it focuses mainly on the idea of the speech and that’s why it eliminates the non-required parts, to make the written text clear.

4. Website Development

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As a freelancer, you will develop appealing and attractive websites, for your clients. You need to make sure that the website you create is convenient for the users to use and also has all the elements which your client needs.

5. Computer Programming

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This freelance job is for those who love coding. Your projects will be based on coding for various websites, games, software, and others. Your duty would be to develop a program through coding, test it to see whether it works or not and maintain the program.

6. Software Development

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As an independent software developer, your role will be to develop various software, games, applications, and many more. Make sure to read all instructions given by the client, so you add all those things in your final output of the software.

7. Graphic Designing

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Today, graphic designing has become an in-demand career not only for job seekers but also for freelancers. A graphic designer is someone who creative visuals and illustrations for clients. If you are someone who is great at creating and designing digitally then this freelance job is for you. Don’t be afraid to put out your work out there, also platforms like Behance, dribble, cargo, and others, help you in showcasing your skills and creating a portfolio.

8. Videographer & Editor

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As a videographer, you need to have video production equipment that you can use to produce videos for your clients. You should have a good knowledge of filming, cinematography, and videos.

As an independent editor, your work will be of editing videos it can be advertisements, films, youtube videos, and so on

9. Tutor

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You can take tuitions as a freelancer, not only of academics but also of other activities or you say skills like singing, dancing, piano, yoga, and others. You will help the students in learning things, improving in activities and exams, developing skills, and also providing them with assistance & feedback whenever they need it. Many parents keep a home tutor for their kids, so you can also be someone’s private or home tutor.

With this we come to the end of the blog, I hope you got a good idea of freelancing. So if you were dicey before, about whether to start a freelancing career or not, because you didn’t have clarity in your mind about this field, Now you have all the information in front of you about the same.

Consider this blog as a sign, don’t hold back, and start your freelancing career now! Because a little late is better than never!

7 Best Tips To Write A Perfect Letter Of Interest

Sitting in the front of your screens and scratching your head as to how to write a Letter Of Interest, which will help you in getting your dream job?

Well, then you don’t have to worry about this anymore, as today’s blog will be a good help for you to write a good interest letter.

As job seekers, if you have always wanted to work in a particular company for a specific position you have to show your interest in it, as to why you are suitable for that job, what you can offer and why you are a good fit for them.

This helps in letting the recruiters know that you are interested in a position in their company and if your skillset & qualifications align with their company or if there are any openings available they can get back to you for the same.

What’s The Difference Between A Cover Letter And A Letter Of Interest?

Many people often confuse a letter of interest with a cover letter, but let me tell you they both ain’t the same. The difference between them is that you write a letter of interest for a company that hasn’t advertised any job openings for the position you are interested in, so you write this letter of interest to let them know that you are interested in a particular position.

Whereas a cover letter is given with your resume and job application for a specific position in a company that you have applied for when it was advertised. It consists of elements like your skills, qualifications, and why you are suitable for the role.

In this blog, I will be providing some tips about how to write a letter of interest, examples of letter structure and what elements should be included & the interest format to be followed while writing.

What Is A Letter Of Interest?

letter of interest
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A letter of interest is a formal letter written to the hiring managers, to express your interest in the company’s specific job. This letter is also known as a letter of intent or inquiry/ prospecting letter. At times what happens is you want to work for a specific company, and you search for their job opening on various platforms.

But is not always possible that companies job position remains available at times, so when you don’t see any such job opportunities or openings for the company you like, you can write a letter of interest.

Your letter of interest will answer questions about your interests in the company, how will you benefit the company, what are your qualities & qualifications, do you have the required skills that they are looking for & why are you a perfect fit for the company.

Things To Include In A Successful Letter Of Interest To Get Noticed By The Hiring Manager

1. Personal Details

To start off with the letter of interest, the first thing you are required to do is to mention your personal details. It will include your contact number, email address, date of writing the letter, the city you reside in, your LinkedIn profile, job title, and your name along with surname.

You can write it either on the left-hand side corner of your letter or on the top center depending on the layout of your letter. You can take the help of various websites which offer letter of interest samples design or an interesting template to make it look neat and professional.

2. Mention The Details Of The Employer

Write the name of the company for which you want to apply, the employer’s name /person’s name of the respective company to whom you are addressing, address of the business/company, Pincode, and city.

Don’t forget to mention for which job you are applying for, and make sure that you are sending it to the right person. So do your research and then start writing your letter.

3. Professional Greetings

Be professional and while greeting use the term “dear or hello” whichever sounds good to you. Don’t use terms like hie, hey, hi it’s unprofessional and will not create a positive impression in front of the employer.

Don’t just write the greeting and leave it. Mention the name of the person you are addressing it to. Not to use the company’s name or department name in your letter of interest. Mention the exact person name for whom this interesting letter is for, this will make an impression that you are confident and have done your research very well.

4. Letter’s Body

This is the most important part of the letter, it’s important that you keep it simple, concise and impactful without too much exaggeration. I will be dividing the body of the letter of interest into 3 parts below:

I. Opening Paragraph

Start your opening paragraph by introducing yourself which includes your name and what you do, keep it short and concise. Secondly, mention what’s your purpose to write a letter of interest. Include why you want to work for their company, and what you like about them it can be their qualities, goals, culture, and so on.

II. Middle Paragraph

In the main paragraph, you will talk about your past relevant experience and what you achieved so far in your past jobs. Write about the skills that you have which will benefit them as well and is a necessary requirement for the position.

Talk about your key accomplishments and skills, add some of the soft skills and hard skills as well, make sure not to exaggerate or write any false skills just to get the job. Also, you can mention your recent achievements if any, which are relevant to the job you are applying for.

III. Closing Paragraph

After mentioning all the relevant information, a call to action in your letter of interest is important. Let them know that you are interested in knowing more about their company, so even if currently they don’t have any job posting then in future opportunities they can consider you depending on the availability of jobs.

It’s just like an informational interview, that you can look forward to even if the company won’t have any vacancies available. It will give you a much better idea and a deep understanding of the organization you want to work for. Otherwise, if they have any job openings available they can also let you in, for a formal interview that’s why it’s important to have an effective letter of interest.

5. Closing Greetings:

End your letter of interest with terms like “Yours sincerely”, “Regards” and so on. Also below that, you can mention your name as well.

To-Do List For Writing A Successful Letter Of Interest

1. Research About Your Target Company

letter of interest
Image by Stocksnap on Pixabay

Before you start writing, it’s important that you have all the information about the company in front of you, because you can’t just start writing without any knowledge about the company you want to work for.

So the best place to know about the company is to go on the internet and do your research. You can also check their social media handles to know more about the target company. Check out various reviews and news stories about them & update yourself with their recent activities or projects.

Now you may think what should I research about them? get to know the core values, how their company functions, what they sell, who are their competitors, goals, skills they want their employees to have, company culture & so on.

2. Get The Right Person’s Contact

letter of interest
Image by Diedryreyes3456 on Pixabay

To send the email letter you will require the name and email address of the person who is responsible for the hiring process. It’s necessary that your letter of interest reaches in the right hands, so make sure you have the right person’s contact with you.

Get to know the person’s name and email address so that you can send your letter on it.

3. Make Use Of Power Words

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May it be a resume or a letter of interest we often forget to make use of power words. Writing a letter as a doer may not have a good impression on your hiring managers, so write it as an achiever.

For those of you who aren’t aware of the power words, let me explain it to you in short. They are the words that effectively explain your job responsibilities, strike the reader’s mind & also make your letter or resume unique. They are words that focus on the “actions”. For eg: Instead of using terms like ” I was responsible for” or “I wrote this”, use terms like executed, initiated, created, crafted, and so on.

4. Keep It Simple And To The Point

Image by on Pexels

You don’t want to sound like, that you are just writing sweet words about the company because you did good research. Don’t exaggerate any words or phrases, take the help of the information you found out in research and make smart use of it.

Do not copy-paste any information from the internet, write the whole letter of interest by yourself & give it your touch. Write it in a short and simple manner, don’t write long paragraphs.

5. Provide A CTA

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At the end of your email or a letter make sure to mention a call to action. This means that after reading your letter the person has an idea of exactly what you want.

Your call to action can be about an informational interview about the company, a call to discuss further jobs, if they have any position opened in the future, or if they found you suitable they can reach out to you.

A call to action helps the reader to know what to do next.

6. Avoid Writing Fake Things

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Whatever you write in the letter of interest may it be your qualifications, skills or your professional experience it should be genuine & real. Don’t just write anything because you want your dream company to offer you a job.

Try to connect your values and skills to that of the company and how you can benefit them by it. Sound confident and avoid using slang and terms like etc, other, stuff… This creates a bad impression.

7. Be Professional And Formal

Image by Bzak on Pixabay

After writing your first draft, read it once or twice. In order to know that everything you wrote is ready to send. Check for grammatical mistakes and spelling errors, run it through apps like Hemingway and Grammarly to check your content has no errors.

Avoid using informal language in your letter of interest. Also, you can hyperlink your work samples, portfolio, or any relevant links to your work in your email along with the letter. So that the human resources can check out your work and if relevant to their job description they can reach out to you.

The Internet had made it possible to reach out to companies and even get to know them even better. So if you had a dream company for whom you have always wanted to work for, don’t hold back.

Some companies don’t advertise their job openings, that’s why you never get to know if they have any availability. That’s why through a letter of interest you can reach out to them and show your interest in their company.

If they found you to be the best person for their company and have job openings at present moment then they can even call you for an interview.

Having a perfect letter of interest will help you get the right job in the company you desire the most. All you need to do is follow the tips provided above, do your research properly & start writing.

For Emails

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Also as in current times, we don’t make use of written letters anymore, so you can still continue to write in the same format and structure for emails as well. The body of your letter of interest remains the same as the format so you don’t have to worry about it. For emails, you need to have the email address of the right person to send them your letter of interest.

With this we come to an end of this blog, I hope you got clarity on how to write an effective letter of interest and understood the do’s & don’ts while writing it.